Honors & Awards

DOE Nobel Laureates

Among the most prestigious scientific awards in the world are the Nobel Prizes for Chemistry, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.

All three of these Nobel Prizes have been presented since 1901, with the Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Physics awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet. (For more information about the Nobel Prize, visit nobelprize.orgExternal link.)

Going back to the earliest days of the Manhattan Project, the Department of Energy and its predecessor agencies blended cutting-edge research and innovative problem-solving to keep the United States in the forefront of scientific discovery. The 115 Nobel Laureates associated with DOE serve as a proud testimony to both the high quality and the impact of the research underwritten by or associated with the Department.

The complete roster of Nobel Prize winners associated with DOE and its predecessor agencies, including biographies and photos is available on OSTI's R&D Accomplishments web page.

Chemistry/Physics Prize
A list of the 115 DOE-affiliated Nobel Prize winners is provided below.
Year Prize Name Home Institution(s) DOE-SC Affiliation  Other DOE Affiliation 
 2013 Chemistry

Martin Karplus

Nobel LectureExternal link

Universite dé Strasbourg; Harvard University
  • National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
 
 2013 Chemistry

Michael Levitt

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Biological and Environmental Research
 
2012 Chemistry

Brian K. Kobilka

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University School of Medicine
  • Argonne National Laboratory
2011 Physics

Saul Perlmutter

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
2009 Chemistry

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Nobel LectureExternal link

MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2009 Chemistry

Thomas A. Steitz

Nobel LectureExternal link

Howard Hughes Medical Institute;
Yale University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2009 Chemistry

Ada E. Yonath

Nobel LectureExternal link

Weizman Institute of Science, Israel
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2008 Chemistry

Roger Y. Tsien

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, San Diego
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Biological and Environmental Research
2008 Physics

Yoichiro Nambu

Nobel LectureExternal link 

Enrico Fermi Institute;
University of Chicago
  • Atomic Energy Commission
2007 Physics

Peter Grünberg

Nobel LectureExternal link

Forschungszentrum Jülich
  • Argonne National Laboratory
2006 Chemistry

Roger D. Kornberg

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
2006 Physics

John C. Mather

Nobel LectureExternal link

Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
2006 Physics

George F. Smoot

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
  • 1994 E.O. Lawrence Award
2005 Chemistry

Robert H. Grubbs

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2005 Chemistry

Richard R. Schrock

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2004 Physics

David J. Gross

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University;
University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Fermi National Laboratory
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
2004 Physics

H. David Politzer

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology
  • High Energy Physics
2004 Physics

Frank Wilczek

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • High Energy Physics
2003 Chemistry

Peter Agre

Nobel LectureExternal link

Johns Hopkins University
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Biological and Environmental Research 
2003 Chemistry

Roderick MacKinnon

Nobel LectureExternal link

Rockefeller University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
2003 Physics

Alexei A. Abrikosov

Nobel LectureExternal link

Institute for Physical Problems
  • Argonne National Laboratory
2003 Physiology or Medicine

Sir Peter Mansfield

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Nottingham
  • Basic Energy Sciences
2002 Physics

Raymond Davis, Jr.

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Pennsylvania
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
2002 Physics

Masatoshi Koshiba

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Tokyo
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
2000 Chemistry

Alan J. Heeger

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
2000 Chemistry

Alan G. MacDiarmid

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Pennsylvania
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1999 Chemistry

Ahmed H. Zewail

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology
1999 Physics

Martinus J.G. Veltman

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Utrecht, Netherlands;
University of Michigan
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
  • 1998 E.O. Lawrence Award
1998 Chemistry

John A. Pople

Nobel LectureExternal link

Northwestern University
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences

 

1998 Physics

Robert B. Laughlin

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University;
Bell Laboratories
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
1997 Chemistry

Paul D. Boyer

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Los Angeles
  • Basic Energy Sciences
  • Biological and Environmental Research
1997 Physics

Steven Chu

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University;
Bell Laboratories
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1997 Physiology or Medicine

Stanley B. Prusiner

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, San Francisco
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
  • Biological and Environmental Research
1996 Chemistry

Robert F. Curl, Jr.

Nobel LectureExternal link

Rice University
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1996 Chemistry

Richard E. Smalley

Nobel LectureExternal link

Rice University
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1996 Physics

David M. Lee

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1996 Physics

Douglas D. Osheroff

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University;
Stanford University
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1995 Chemistry

Mario J. Molina

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1995 Chemistry

F. Sherwood Rowland

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Irvine
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1995 Physics

Martin L. Perl

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1995 Physics

Frederick Reines

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Irvine
  • Hanford Site
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1994 Chemistry

George A. Olah

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Southern California
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1994 Physics

Bertram N. Brockhouse

Nobel LectureExternal link

Chalk River Laboratories, Canada
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences 
1994 Physics

Clifford G. Shull

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1993 Physics

Russell A. Hulse

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University;
University of Massachusetts
  • Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
1993 Physics

Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
1992 Chemistry

Rudolph A. Marcus

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology

 

1992 Physics

Georges Charpak

Nobel LectureExternal link

  • Fermi National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
  • CERN
1990 Physics

Jerome I. Friedman

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1990 Physics

Henry W. Kendall

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1990 Physics

Richard E. Taylor

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1989 Chemistry

Thomas R. Cech

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Colorado
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1989 Physics

Norman F. Ramsey

Nobel LectureExternal link

Harvard University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
1988 Chemistry

Johann Deisenhofer

Nobel LectureExternal link

Max Planck Institute
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Biological and Environmental Research
1988 Physics

Leon M. Lederman

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1988 Physics

Melvin Schwartz

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1988 Physics

Jack Steinberger

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1987 Chemistry

Donald J. Cram

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Los Angeles
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1986 Chemistry

Yuan T. Lee

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1986 Chemistry

Dudley R. Herschbach

Nobel LectureExternal link

Harvard University
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1983 Physics

William Alfred Fowler

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology
1983 Physiology or Medicine

Barbara McClintock

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1983 Chemistry

Henry Taube

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley;
Stanford University
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1982 Physics

Kenneth G. Wilson

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1981 Chemistry

Roald Hoffmann

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1980 Physics

Val Logsdon Fitch

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1980 Physics

James Watson Cronin

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Chicago
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1979 Physiology or Medicine

Allan M. Cormack

Nobel LectureExternal link

Tufts University
1979 Physics

Sheldon Lee Glashow

Nobel LectureExternal link

Harvard University;
Lyman Laboratory
  • Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1979 Physics

Abdus Salam

Nobel LectureExternal link

International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste;
Imperial College, London
  • Fermi National Laboratory
  • High Energy Physics
1979 Physics

Steven Weinberg

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Physics
1977 Chemistry

Ilva Prigogine

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Texas
  • Office of Energy Research
1976 Physics

Burton Richter

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
  • CERN
1976 Physics

Samuel Chao Chung Ting

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • CERN
  • 1976 E.O. Lawrence Award
1975 Physics

Ben Roy Mottelson

Nobel LectureExternal link

Niels Bohr Institute
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
  • CERN
1975 Physics

Leo James Rainwater

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
  • 1963 E.O. Lawrence Award
1974 Chemistry

Paul J. Flory

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University;
Stanford University
1973 Physics

Ivar Giaever

Nobel LectureExternal link

General Electric Research and Development Center;
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
1972 Physics

Leon Neil Cooper

Nobel LectureExternal link

Brown University
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
1972 Physics

John Bardeen

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Illinois
1972 Physics

John Robert Schrieffer

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Illinois
1969 Physics Murray Gell-Mann California Institute of Technology
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
1968 Physics

Luis Walter Alvarez

Nobel LectureExternal link

  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1967 Physics

Hans Albrecht Bethe

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cornell University
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1965 Physics

Richard P. Feynman

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University;
California Institute of Technology
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1965 Physics

Julian Schwinger

Nobel LectureExternal link

Harvard University
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology Radiation Laboratory
1964 Physics

Charles Hard Townes

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley;
Massachusetts Institute of Technology;
Columbia University
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Basic Energy Sciences
1963 Physics

Eugene Paul Wigner

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Chicago
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
1963 Physics

Maria Goeppert-Mayer

Nobel LectureExternal link

  • Argonne National Laboratory
1962 Physiology or Medicine

James Dewey Watson

Nobel LectureExternal link

Cavendish Laboratory;
California Institute of Technology
1961 Physics

Robert Hofstadter

Nobel LectureExternal link

Princeton University;
Stanford University
1961 Chemistry

Melvin Calvin

Nobel LectureExternal link

  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1960 Physics

Donald Arthur Glaser

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Michigan;
University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1960 Chemistry

Willard Frank Libby

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University;
University of California, Los Angeles
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
1959 Physics

Owen Chamberlain

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley;
University of Chicago
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1959 Physics

Emilio Gino Segrè

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1958 Physiology or Medicine

George Wells Beadle

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology;
University of Chicago
1957 Physics

Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University
1957 Physics

Chen Ning Yang

Nobel LectureExternal link

Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
1956 Physics

John Bardeen

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Illinois;
Bell Laboratories
1955 Physics

Polykarp Kusch

Nobel LectureExternal link 

Columbia University
1955 Physics

Willis Eugene Lamb

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University;
Stanford University
1952 Physics

Felix Bloch

Nobel LectureExternal link

Stanford University
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • CERN
1952 Physics

Edward Mills Purcell

Nobel LectureExternal link

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1951 Chemistry

Edwin Mattison McMillan

Nobel LectureExternal link

  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
1951 Chemistry

Glenn Theodore Seaborg

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
1946 Physiology or Medicine

Hermann Joseph Muller

Nobel LectureExternal link

Amherst College;
Indiana University
1944 Physics Isidor Isaac Rabi Columbia University;
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
1939 Physics

Ernest Orlando Lawrence

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of California, Berkeley
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1938 Physics

Enrico Fermi

Nobel LectureExternal link

Columbia University;
University of Chicago
1936 Physics

Carl David Anderson

Nobel LectureExternal link

California Institute of Technology;
National Defense Research Committee
  • Office of Scientific Research and Development
1934 Chemistry

Harold Clayton Urey

Nobel LectureExternal link

Johns Hopkins University
1934 Physiology or Medicine

George Hoyt Whipple

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Rochester
1927 Physics

Arthur Holly Compton

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Chicago
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
1925 Physics

James Franck

Nobel LectureExternal link

University of Chicago
  • US Atomic Energy Commission
Last modified: 5/20/2014 5:29:04 PM