Science Highlights

Million molecule simulation of ice formation in a single water droplet.

Freezing a Droplet to Stop the Ice

Advances in simulating water molecules in droplets reveal surfaces that may be resistant to ice formation. Read More »

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Dynamic and static paths for spontaneous fission of the element fermium-264 in two dimensions (plane of elongation (Q20) and triaxiality (Q22)).

Shape Matters when Modeling Nuclear Fission

Realistic computational view of how atom stretches informs microscopic description of nuclear energy production. Read More »

A time sequence of three-dimensional views shows a stable whirlpool (red) is formed from a decaying vortex ring (time index 160), eventually straightening out (200 and 350).

Mystery Object in Ultracold Superfluids Identified in New Simulation

Computational algorithms show whirlpools, not disks, form and dissipate on fluid’s surface. Read More »

Snapshots of a helium bubble just before bursting when grown at slow versus fast rates.

Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burn and Helium Bubbles

New models reveal the impact of competing processes on helium bubble formation in plasma-exposed tungsten. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »

Crystal structure of the parent compound of a calcium-strontium-based cuprate superconductor [(Ca/Sr)2CuO3]...

Predicting Magnetic Behavior in Copper Oxide Superconductors

New theoretical techniques predict experimental observations in superconducting materials. Read More »

Difference between calculated and experimentally measured masses of oxygen isotopes as a function of mass number.

Streamlining the Nuclear Force

An optimized nuclear force model yields a high-precision interaction with an unexpected descriptive power. Read More »

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