Science Highlights

Conceptual art connects the atomic underpinnings of the neutron-rich calcium-48 nucleus with the Crab Nebula, which has a neutron star at its heart.02.29.16Science Highlight

What Is the Size of the Atomic Nucleus?

The neutron skin of the nucleus calcium-48 is much thinner than previously thought. Read More »

Researchers from the Molecular Foundry, working with users from Columbia University led by Latha Venkataraman, have created the world’s highest-performance single-molecule diode using a combination of gold electrodes and an ionic solution.11.01.15Science Highlight

Viable Single-Molecule Diodes

Major milestone in molecular electronics scored by Molecular Foundry and Columbia University team. Read More »

Visualized model of a superlubricity (low-friction) system: gold = nanodiamond particles; red = graphene nanoscroll; green = underlying graphene on silica; black = diamond-like carbon surface.10.01.15Science Highlight

Near Zero Friction from Nanoscale Lubricants

Researchers have attained superlubricity, the near absence of friction, at a carbon-silica interface using nanodiamonds wrapped in graphene flakes. Read More »

Understanding the conditions and pathways that position populations of isolated ions and shared proton species as they react in water allows scientists to better understand the chemistry of concentrated hydrogen chloride solutions, which has implications in chemical processes ranging from refining oil to building longer-lasting batteries.08.01.15Science Highlight

Keeping the Ions Close: A New Activity

Study changes perception on how acids behave in water. Read More »

Million molecule simulation of ice formation in a single water droplet.08.01.15Science Highlight

Freezing a Droplet to Stop the Ice

Advances in simulating water molecules in droplets reveal surfaces that may be resistant to ice formation. Read More »

When gaseous carbon dioxide (center) is dissolved in water, its water-fearing or hydrophobic nature creates a cylindrical cavity in the liquid, setting the stage for the proton transfer reactions that produce carbonic acid.08.01.15Science Highlight

The Importance of Hydration

Spectroscopy combined with theory and computation determines the interaction between carbon dioxide and water. Read More »

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.08.01.15Science Highlight

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Dynamic and static paths for spontaneous fission of the element fermium-264 in two dimensions (plane of elongation (Q20) and triaxiality (Q22)).08.01.15Science Highlight

Shape Matters when Modeling Nuclear Fission

Realistic computational view of how atom stretches informs microscopic description of nuclear energy production. Read More »

A time sequence of three-dimensional views shows a stable whirlpool (red) is formed from a decaying vortex ring (time index 160), eventually straightening out (200 and 350).07.01.15Science Highlight

Mystery Object in Ultracold Superfluids Identified in New Simulation

Computational algorithms show whirlpools, not disks, form and dissipate on fluid’s surface. Read More »

Atomic structure of the adsorbed carbon dioxide (grey sphere bonded to two red spheres) inserted between the manganese (green sphere) and amine (blue sphere) groups within the novel metal-organic framework, forming a linear chain of ammonium carbamate (top).07.01.15Science Highlight

Cooperative Carbon Capture by a Novel Material that Mimics a Plant Enzyme

Innovative materials adsorb carbon dioxide via an unprecedented cooperative insertion mechanism. Read More »