Science Highlights

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.08.01.15Science Highlight

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Dynamic and static paths for spontaneous fission of the element fermium-264 in two dimensions (plane of elongation (Q20) and triaxiality (Q22)).08.01.15Science Highlight

Shape Matters when Modeling Nuclear Fission

Realistic computational view of how atom stretches informs microscopic description of nuclear energy production. Read More »

A time sequence of three-dimensional views shows a stable whirlpool (red) is formed from a decaying vortex ring (time index 160), eventually straightening out (200 and 350).07.01.15Science Highlight

Mystery Object in Ultracold Superfluids Identified in New Simulation

Computational algorithms show whirlpools, not disks, form and dissipate on fluid’s surface. Read More »

Atomic structure of the adsorbed carbon dioxide (grey sphere bonded to two red spheres) inserted between the manganese (green sphere) and amine (blue sphere) groups within the novel metal-organic framework, forming a linear chain of ammonium carbamate (top).07.01.15Science Highlight

Cooperative Carbon Capture by a Novel Material that Mimics a Plant Enzyme

Innovative materials adsorb carbon dioxide via an unprecedented cooperative insertion mechanism. Read More »

Snapshots of a helium bubble just before bursting when grown at slow versus fast rates.07.01.15Science Highlight

Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burns and Helium Bubbles

New models reveal the impact of competing processes on helium bubble formation in plasma-exposed tungsten. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).03.01.15Science Highlight

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »

Crystal structure of the parent compound of a calcium-strontium-based cuprate superconductor [(Ca/Sr)2CuO3]...02.01.15Science Highlight

Predicting Magnetic Behavior in Copper Oxide Superconductors

New theoretical techniques predict experimental observations in superconducting materials. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to better predict the impact of ice sheet melting in Greenland under a changing climate.07.01.14Science Highlight

Greenland Ice Sheet “Sliding” a Small Contributor to Future Sea-Level Rise

Modeling experiments assess impacts of key melting behavior. Read More »

Difference between calculated and experimentally measured masses of oxygen isotopes as a function of mass number.05.01.14Science Highlight

Streamlining the Nuclear Force

An optimized nuclear force model yields a high-precision interaction with an unexpected descriptive power. Read More »