Science Highlights

Selective etching of palladium (blue) from palladium-platinum core-shell nanoparticles (left) yields hollow platinum (grey) nanocages with high activity for the oxygen reduction reaction.04.30.16Science Highlight

Hollow and Filled with Potential

Hollow shape-selected platinum nanocages represent a new class of highly active catalysts. Read More »

Researchers discovered how green fluorescent proteins (center) react with water (shown around the edges of the protein).04.30.16Science Highlight

New Insight on a Familiar Glow

A new approach to investigating green fluorescent protein provides a vital tool for unraveling molecular-level details of processes important in biology and light harvesting for energy use. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.03.01.15Science Highlight

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to understand the chemical processes leading to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene compounds emitted by many species of trees including eucalyptus (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Competition Not Concentration Matters when Forming Cloud-Influencing Aerosols

Nitrogen oxide has nonlinear effects on the volatility and composition of SOA based on isoprene emitted by trees. Read More »

In the Community Land Model with coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles (CLM-CN), the carbon and water coupling in leaf-level photosynthetic processes was not linked to nitrogen limitation.03.01.15Science Highlight

Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes

Refinement addresses previous inaccuracies in plant growth from elevated carbon dioxide in Community Land Model. Read More »

Researchers have found that some wild organisms interpret a genetic sequence typically read as “stop” to mean something else.03.01.15Science Highlight

Microbes Disprove Long-Held Assumption that All Organisms Share a Common Vocabulary

Study shows that “stop” code can be assigned other meanings. Read More »

Climate researchers are studying ways to more accurately model the Madden-Julian Oscillation, a large-scale atmospheric circulation pattern associated with rainfall and drought across the tropics, including Indonesia, (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Heat’s Role in the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Study shows low-level atmospheric heating is critical for realistic MJO simulations. Read More »

Scientists have developed a new approach that uses sophisticated mathematical solutions to improve computational simulations of ecosystem water processes.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Mathematical Method Enhances Hydrology Simulations

Approach uses land-atmosphere observations to calibrate model. Read More »

To better understand the complex processes involved in wood formation, researchers have developed a new method to study genetic regulatory mechanisms in poplar, a potential bioenergy feedstock (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Genetics of Wood Formation

Researchers identify genetic regulatory networks that influence poplar wood formation, a key bioenergy plant. Read More »

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