Science Highlights

A mixed-grass community prairie in Iowa.06.30.16Science Highlight

Elevated Carbon Dioxide Suppresses Dominant Plant Species in a Mixed-Grass Prairie

Community composition is vital to managing native grasslands amid climate and precipitation variations. Read More »

Scientist inspects poplars grown for use in bioenergy feedstocks research.06.30.16Science Highlight

New Methods for Investigating Wood Formation

Genetic approaches will aid development of higher biomass-yielding, sustainable trees for bioenergy feedstocks. Read More »

Shown are bud and apex growth differences of the plants WT-717 (wild type found in nature) and EBB1-oe, which is transgenic or modified in the laboratory.06.30.16Science Highlight

Characterization of Poplar Budbreak Gene Enhances Understanding of Spring Regrowth

“Master regulator” gene will facilitate management and breeding of trees better adapted to changing environments. Read More »

Researchers are exploring the use of ionic liquids as a biomass pretreatment.06.30.16Science Highlight

Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels

Recycling waste from biofuel production could lower cost for future biorefineries. Read More »

An electron micrograph shows rod-shaped E. coli secreting oil droplets containing biodiesel fuel, along with fatty acids and alcohol.06.30.16Science Highlight

Engineering E. coli for Biofuel, Bioproduct Production

A novel E. coli fatty acid biosynthesis system could more efficiently convert biomass to desired products. Read More »

The variation in plant cell walls has made comparative high-throughput studies of cell walls from diverse plant species challenging.06.30.16Science Highlight

Loosen Up Cell Walls and Get the Sugars Out

Better understanding could lead to more cost-effective production of cellulosic biofuels. Read More »

The microbe Clostridium thermocellum (stained green) is seen growing on poplar tissue.06.20.16Science Highlight

New Understanding of One of Nature’s Best Biocatalysts for Biofuels Production

Discovery of a new enzyme system sheds further light on a microbe’s ability to efficiently break down inedible plant matter for conversion to biofuels and biobased chemicals. Read More »

Bubbly white ice makes up the bulk of the glacier surfaces, suggesting internal melting may lead to substantial mass loss.06.20.16Science Highlight

Understanding Ice Loss in Earth’s Coldest Regions

Glaciers in cold, dry ecosystems respond differently to changes in climate than glaciers in warmer climates. Read More »

Researchers isolated an Escherichia coli mutant that tolerates a liquid salt used to break apart plant biomass into sugary polymers.06.20.16Science Highlight

A One-Pot Recipe for Making Jet Fuel

Researchers use engineered bacteria to simplify biofuels production, potentially lowering cost. Read More »

An international team examined microbial community dynamics at a site in Sweden where portions of the site are frozen permafrost and other areas are thawed.06.20.16Science Highlight

Microbial Community Dynamics Dominate Greenhouse Gas Production in Thawing Permafrost

Advances in simulating biogeochemical processes in permafrost will improve predictions of potential impacts on climate. Read More »

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