Science Highlights

Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Fermi 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Michigan.

Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling

Model examines water-energy relationships at the regional level. Read More »

Scientists can noninvasively examine how live microbial communities interact in real time using the nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoDESI) instrument.

Learning How Bacteria Communicate

New tool identifies molecules that influence microbial communities. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

A new modeling approach suggests that boreal forests, such as this one in Quebec, Canada, will shift north with warming and lose more carbon than previously expected.

Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models

New method predicts how climates will move as temperatures rise. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

The Community Land Model explicitly simulates microbial-driven soil carbon cycling in aboveground, surface, and subsurface soil horizons.

From Microbes to Global Carbon Models

Understanding microbial community processes improves predictions of soil carbon dynamics. Read More »

Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds (A and B, right) that float on the surface of water and roots that extend into the water.

Biofuels from a Floating Water Weed

Duckweed sequencing reveals insights into genes for lignin, cellulose, and starch production. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »