Science Highlights

Data collected from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility’s Southern Great Plains site (shown here) was used to evaluate and compare climate model simulations of precipitation.

Comparing Climate Models to Real World Shows Differences in Precipitation Intensity

Understanding the differences and similarities will help improve how models represent storm clouds and other convective processes. Read More »

Researchers investigated the sensitivity of net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere to 16 parameters related to cloud and aerosol representations in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5.

Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

New insights improve Community Atmosphere Model’s representation. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

Symbiotic fungi called ectomycorrhizae colonize the roots of bishop pine.

Uncovering Role of Symbiotic Fungi in Soil Carbon Storage

Mycorrhizae inhabiting plant roots have major impact on carbon release rates. Read More »

To better understand how switchgrass acquires and mobilizes minerals, researchers have conducted the first molecular study of transporter genes in this bioenergy feedstock.

Understanding Mineral Transport in Switchgrass

Genetic insights into nutrient movement will enhance bioenergy feedstock’s sustainability. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Fermi 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Michigan.

Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling

Model examines water-energy relationships at the regional level. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »