Science Highlights

A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »

A new radiolabeled sugar compound helps researchers image carbohydrate movement in plants.

Watching Sugars Move in Plants

New radiolabeled compound used to image sucrose transport. Read More »

With the growth in genome sequencing, the number of computationally identified proteins available in databases such as TrEMBL is increasing exponentially.

Evaluating Methods for Predicting Protein Functions

International teams assess computational tools to speed up annotations. Read More »

A Hector cloud forms over the Tiwi Islands near Darwin, Australia.

Impact of Local Climate on Cloud Systems

Tropical atmospheric data used to test climate model accuracy. Read More »

Overall structure of 6-P-β-glucosidase and its comparison with 6-P-β-galactosidase.

Breaking Down Enzymes’ Role in Biofuel Production

Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Read More »

Increased nitrogen in forest soils decreases the diversity and expression of genes involved in carbon deconstruction by bacteria and fungi, including this species in the order Auriculariales.

Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils

New clues emerge about microbial decomposition mechanisms. Read More »

Potential biomass collection areas for cellulosic biorefineries within 10 Midwest states.

Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels

Assessment shows Midwest could support biomass production while benefiting climate. Read More »

Image from Nuccio, E.E., et al. “An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus significantly modifies the soil bacterial community and nitrogen cycling during litter decomposition.”

Plants, Fungi, and Microbes Working Together in Nature

Study examines impact of symbiosis on soil processes and nutrient cycling. Read More »