Science Highlights

Data collected from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility’s Southern Great Plains site (shown here) was used to evaluate and compare climate model simulations of precipitation.

Comparing Climate Models to Real World Shows Differences in Precipitation Intensity

Understanding the differences and similarities will help improve how models represent storm clouds and other convective processes. Read More »

Researchers investigated the sensitivity of net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere to 16 parameters related to cloud and aerosol representations in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5.

Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

New insights improve Community Atmosphere Model’s representation. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

Using fluorescence microscopy, researchers observed the location of annexin A2 protein within cells under normal conditions (left) and after irradiation (right), which caused a majority of the proteins to relocate to the nucleus.

Cell Signaling Responses to Low-Dose Radiation

Study shows protein moves to nucleus, helps irradiated cells survive. Read More »

By comparing computational simulations of rainfall with long-term measurements, researchers hope to improve how precipitation is represented in climate models.

Improving Rainfall Processes in Climate Models

Long-term ARM data used to evaluate precipitation simulations. Read More »

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

Predicting the economic costs of damage from natural forces is difficult.

Climate Change Impact Valuation Models Revisited

Valuing diverse climate impacts in integrated assessment models. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

Symbiotic fungi called ectomycorrhizae colonize the roots of bishop pine.

Uncovering Role of Symbiotic Fungi in Soil Carbon Storage

Mycorrhizae inhabiting plant roots have major impact on carbon release rates. Read More »