Science Highlights

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

To better understand how switchgrass acquires and mobilizes minerals, researchers have conducted the first molecular study of transporter genes in this bioenergy feedstock.

Understanding Mineral Transport in Switchgrass

Genetic insights into nutrient movement will enhance bioenergy feedstock’s sustainability. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

Global distribution of black carbon in 2000 among eight different models, whose results diverged the most in polar regions.

Understanding Soot’s Effect on Snow Reflectivity

Model comparison evaluates black carbon levels and impacts. Read More »

Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Fermi 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Michigan.

Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling

Model examines water-energy relationships at the regional level. Read More »

Scientists can noninvasively examine how live microbial communities interact in real time using the nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoDESI) instrument.

Learning How Bacteria Communicate

New tool identifies molecules that influence microbial communities. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »