Science Highlights

DOE researchers are using a coupled ice-ocean model to study melt channels beneath Greenland’s Petermann Glacier, shown here in July 2012.

Melting Ice Sheets and Sea Level Change

Recent studies reveal that complex ice-ocean interactions affect melting. Read More »

Millimeter wavelength cloud radar, located at the Southern Great Plains site, probes the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths.

Low Clouds Contribute to Weather Prediction Model Bias

Long-term measurement records improve the representation of clouds in climate and weather forecast models. Read More »

A newly developed map of the poplar proteome gives researchers a glimpse into the tree’s biological processes, knowledge that could improve its performance as a bioenergy feedstock.

Mapping Poplar Tree Proteins

Proteome atlas offers new view of bioenergy crop’s molecular machinery. Read More »

To better understand solar radiation effects in mountainous regions, scientists have incorporated three-dimensional inputs into climate simulations examining the Sierra Nevadas, including Mount Whitney (pictured).

Accounting for Mountain Topography in Climate Models

3D simulation shows mountain impacts on surface solar fluxes. Read More »

Nevada desert Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) Facility.

Impacts of Climate Change on Photosynthetic Microbes in Arid Ecosystems

Researchers find that ten years of controlled CO2 elevation on desert microbes had deleterious effects. Read More »

Transmission electron micrograph of a section of Prochlorococcus marinus SS120 from Bryant, D.

Marine Microbial Ecosystems: Not as Simple as Once Thought

Low abundance microbes may do more than their share of carbon cycling in the ocean. Read More »

In this image, representative sea surface temperature anomalies, characteristic of La Niña, are plotted for the early August, 2010.

Predicting the Impact of El Niño on Future Temperature Extremes

Accurate prediction of El Niño-Southern Oscillation is crucial for simulating extreme maximum temperature. Read More »

Illustration of molecular and genetic interactions visualized by Cytoscape demonstrating the complexity of mapping biochemical reactions.

Roadmaps for All Atoms in Biochemical Reactions

How atoms move in biochemical reactions - a fast and accurate method to model all the atoms. Read More »

Photograph of the R/V Atlantis at dock in California during the 2010 CalNex study.

Are the Effects of Black Carbon Overestimated in Climate Models?

Atmospheric black carbon may not cause as much warming of the climate as we thought. Read More »

Fluorsecence micrograph of Nostoc showing heterocyst (box)

Genetic Regulation of Differentiated Microbial Filaments

Discovering how a microbe makes complex structures to perform complex functions. Read More »