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Researchers are seeking to understand the chemical processes leading to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene compounds emitted by many species of trees including eucalyptus (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Competition Not Concentration Matters when Forming Cloud-Influencing Aerosols

Nitrogen oxide has nonlinear effects on the volatility and composition of SOA based on isoprene emitted by trees. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...02.01.15Science Highlight

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.12.01.14Science Highlight

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.12.01.14Science Highlight

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

To better understand how switchgrass acquires and mobilizes minerals, researchers have conducted the first molecular study of transporter genes in this bioenergy feedstock.12.01.14Science Highlight

Understanding Mineral Transport in Switchgrass

Genetic insights into nutrient movement will enhance bioenergy feedstock’s sustainability. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.12.01.14Science Highlight

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.12.01.14Science Highlight

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.12.01.14Science Highlight

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

Baohua Gu and colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a method to determine the total number of sulfur compounds called thiols on intact bacterial cells and natural organic matter.12.01.14Science Highlight

New Tool for Studying Toxic Metals in the Environment

Method enables quantification of thiols on bacteria and natural organic matter. Read More »

Last modified: 11/9/2015 8:59:30 PM