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Researchers investigated the sensitivity of net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere to 16 parameters related to cloud and aerosol representations in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5.03.01.15Science Highlight

Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

New insights improve Community Atmosphere Model’s representation. Read More »

To better understand the complex processes involved in wood formation, researchers have developed a new method to study genetic regulatory mechanisms in poplar, a potential bioenergy feedstock (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Genetics of Wood Formation

Researchers identify genetic regulatory networks that influence poplar wood formation, a key bioenergy plant. Read More »

Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.03.01.15Science Highlight

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

A glacier in eastern Greenland flows through a long and narrow valley carved by the movement of ice.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Method Relates Greenland Ice Sheet Changes to Sea-Level Rise

Modeling approach includes the effects of ice sheet elevation and region. Read More »

Scientists have developed a new approach that uses sophisticated mathematical solutions to improve computational simulations of ecosystem water processes.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Mathematical Method Enhances Hydrology Simulations

Approach uses land-atmosphere observations to calibrate model. Read More »

Data collected from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility’s Southern Great Plains site (shown here) was used to evaluate and compare climate model simulations of precipitation.03.01.15Science Highlight

Comparing Climate Models to Real World Shows Differences in Precipitation Intensity

Understanding the differences and similarities will help improve how models represent storm clouds and other convective processes. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to understand the chemical processes leading to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene compounds emitted by many species of trees including eucalyptus (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Competition Not Concentration Matters when Forming Cloud-Influencing Aerosols

Nitrogen oxide has nonlinear effects on the volatility and composition of SOA based on isoprene emitted by trees. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...02.01.15Science Highlight

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.12.01.14Science Highlight

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Last modified: 11/9/2015 8:59:30 PM