Science Highlights

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.12.01.14Science Highlight

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.12.01.14Science Highlight

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Fermi 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Michigan.12.01.14Science Highlight

Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling

Model examines water-energy relationships at the regional level. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.12.01.14Science Highlight

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.12.01.14Science Highlight

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.12.01.14Science Highlight

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds (A and B, right) that float on the surface of water and roots that extend into the water.12.01.14Science Highlight

Biofuels from a Floating Water Weed

Duckweed sequencing reveals insights into genes for lignin, cellulose, and starch production. Read More »

Baohua Gu and colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a method to determine the total number of sulfur compounds called thiols on intact bacterial cells and natural organic matter.12.01.14Science Highlight

New Tool for Studying Toxic Metals in the Environment

Method enables quantification of thiols on bacteria and natural organic matter. Read More »

Using fluorescence microscopy, researchers observed the location of annexin A2 protein within cells under normal conditions (left) and after irradiation (right), which caused a majority of the proteins to relocate to the nucleus.07.01.14Science Highlight

Cell Signaling Responses to Low-Dose Radiation

Study shows protein moves to nucleus, helps irradiated cells survive. Read More »

By comparing computational simulations of rainfall with long-term measurements, researchers hope to improve how precipitation is represented in climate models.07.01.14Science Highlight

Improving Rainfall Processes in Climate Models

Long-term ARM data used to evaluate precipitation simulations. Read More »