Science Highlights

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.07.01.14Science Highlight

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

Predicting the economic costs of damage from natural forces is difficult.07.01.14Science Highlight

Climate Change Impact Valuation Models Revisited

Valuing diverse climate impacts in integrated assessment models. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.07.01.14Science Highlight

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.07.01.14Science Highlight

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.07.01.14Science Highlight

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.07.01.14Science Highlight

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

Global distribution of black carbon in 2000 among eight different models, whose results diverged the most in polar regions.07.01.14Science Highlight

Understanding Soot’s Effect on Snow Reflectivity

Model comparison evaluates black carbon levels and impacts. Read More »

Scientists can noninvasively examine how live microbial communities interact in real time using the nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoDESI) instrument.07.01.14Science Highlight

Learning How Bacteria Communicate

New tool identifies molecules that influence microbial communities. Read More »

A new modeling approach suggests that boreal forests, such as this one in Quebec, Canada, will shift north with warming and lose more carbon than previously expected.07.01.14Science Highlight

Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models

New method predicts how climates will move as temperatures rise. Read More »

The Community Land Model explicitly simulates microbial-driven soil carbon cycling in aboveground, surface, and subsurface soil horizons.07.01.14Science Highlight

From Microbes to Global Carbon Models

Understanding microbial community processes improves predictions of soil carbon dynamics. Read More »