Science Highlights

With the growth in genome sequencing, the number of computationally identified proteins available in databases such as TrEMBL is increasing exponentially.

Evaluating Methods for Predicting Protein Functions

International teams assess computational tools to speed up annotations. Read More »

A Hector cloud forms over the Tiwi Islands near Darwin, Australia.

Impact of Local Climate on Cloud Systems

Tropical atmospheric data used to test climate model accuracy. Read More »

Overall structure of 6-P-β-glucosidase and its comparison with 6-P-β-galactosidase.

Breaking Down Enzymes’ Role in Biofuel Production

Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Read More »

Increased nitrogen in forest soils decreases the diversity and expression of genes involved in carbon deconstruction by bacteria and fungi, including this species in the order Auriculariales.

Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils

New clues emerge about microbial decomposition mechanisms. Read More »

Potential biomass collection areas for cellulosic biorefineries within 10 Midwest states.

Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels

Assessment shows Midwest could support biomass production while benefiting climate. Read More »

Silicon photomultiplier array.

Advanced 3D Detectors for Research

Gamma-ray detectors built with silicon photomultiplier arrays provide high-resolution 3D imaging for research. Read More »

Image from Nuccio, E.E., et al. “An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus significantly modifies the soil bacterial community and nitrogen cycling during litter decomposition.”

Plants, Fungi, and Microbes Working Together in Nature

Study examines impact of symbiosis on soil processes and nutrient cycling. Read More »

DOE researchers are using a coupled ice-ocean model to study melt channels beneath Greenland’s Petermann Glacier, shown here in July 2012.

Melting Ice Sheets and Sea Level Change

Recent studies reveal that complex ice-ocean interactions affect melting. Read More »

Millimeter wavelength cloud radar, located at the Southern Great Plains site, probes the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths.

Low Clouds Contribute to Weather Prediction Model Bias

Long-term measurement records improve the representation of clouds in climate and weather forecast models. Read More »