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Polysaccharides (complex chains of sugar) in plant cell walls are great carbon energy sources for biofuel production.April 2013Science Highlight

Engineering Better Plants for Biofuels

New approach decreases lignin content in plant secondary cell wall. Read More »

A large contributor to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is degradation of soil organic matter by various biological and chemical processes.April 2013Science Highlight

Tracking Soil Microbes’ Response to Long-Term Warming

Study examines how temperature affects carbon decay and release. Read More »

Researchers have identified two genes required for bacterial conversion of mercury into methylmercury, a more toxic form.April 2013Science Highlight

Scientists Discover how Bacteria Convert Mercury to Toxic Form

Two genes responsible for mercury methylation identified. Read More »

A recent climate modeling study indicates that global land use strategies that protect tropical forests—such Brazil’s Caxiuanã National Forest, shown here—could dramatically reduce air warming projected in these regions.April 2013Science Highlight

Assessing Climate Impacts of Expanding Biofuel Crops

Model indicates increased cultivation could benefit tropical areas. Read More »

A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.April 2013Science Highlight

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.March 2013Science Highlight

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »

A new radiolabeled sugar compound helps researchers image carbohydrate movement in plants.March 2013Science Highlight

Watching Sugars Move in Plants

New radiolabeled compound used to image sucrose transport. Read More »

With the growth in genome sequencing, the number of computationally identified proteins available in databases such as TrEMBL is increasing exponentially.March 2013Science Highlight

Evaluating Methods for Predicting Protein Functions

International teams assess computational tools to speed up annotations. Read More »

Uranium mill tailings field research site in Rifle, Colo.March 2013Science Highlight

Understanding How Uranium Changes in Subsurface Environments

Bacterial biomass found to have an impact. Read More »

A Hector cloud forms over the Tiwi Islands near Darwin, Australia.February 2013Science Highlight

Impact of Local Climate on Cloud Systems

Tropical atmospheric data used to test climate model accuracy. Read More »

Last modified: 8/19/2015 3:58:04 PM