Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)


Ho-kwang Mao

Lead Institution:

Carnegie Institution of Washington


To accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.

Research Topics:

solar (photovoltaic), solid state lighting, phonons, thermal conductivity, thermoelectric, hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, superconductivity, nuclear (including radiation effects), defects, mechanical behavior, spin dynamics, carbon sequestration, optics, synthesis (novel materials)

Materials Studied:

MATERIALS: semiconductor, wide band-gap semiconductor, metal, oxide, rare earth elements
INTERFACES: metal/semiconductor, metal/oxide, liquid/solid, solid/solid
NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS: 0D, 1D, 2D, 3D, nanocomposites

Experimental and Theoretical Methods:

X-ray diffraction and scattering, X-ray imaging, X-ray spectroscopy, electron microscopy, neutron diffraction and scattering, neutron spectroscopy, laser diagnostics, ultrafast physics, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), monte carlo (MC), quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, finite element method, multiscale modeling  

Map of institutions in EFRC

Partner Institutions:

  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Carnegie Institution of Washington
  • Cornell University
  • Florida International University
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Lehigh University
  • Missouri State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Stanford University
  • University of Texas at Austin

BES Staff Contact:

John Vetrano
Last modified: 3/18/2013 10:21:37 AM