Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree)

EFree Header


Russell Hemley

Lead Institution

Carnegie Institution of Washington

Year Established



To accelerate the discovery and synthesis of kinetically stabilized, energy materials utilizing extreme conditions.

Research Topics

catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), phonons, thermoelectric, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, superconductivity, charge transport, mesostructured materials, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Materials Studied

Materials: semiconductor, wide band-gap semiconductor, oxide, porous

Interfaces: gas/solid, liquid/solid, solid/solid

Nanostructured Materials: 1D, 2D, 3D

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, X-ray imaging, X-ray spectroscopy, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, neutron diffraction and scattering, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), monte carlo (MC), quantum mechanics, next generation optimization methods

EFree Map

Partner Institutions

  • California Institute of Technology
  • Carnegie Institution of Washington
  • Colorado School of Mines
  • Cornell University
  • Lehigh University
  • Pennsylvania State University

BES Staff Contact

Philip Wilk

Last modified: 2/1/2015 2:48:57 AM