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[Left] Next generation multijunction solar cell with a dilute nitride middle junction (red)  [Right] A transition from delocalized to localized electron trapping is directly observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra as the magnetic field is increased up to 57 Tesla.March 2013Science Highlights

Optimizing New Materials for Extreme Solar PV Performance

High magnetic fields reveal the existence of nitrogen superclusters. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Distribution of superconductivity around holes (white) in a thin sheet of superconducting film.March 2013Science Highlights

A Breakthrough for High-Field Superconductors

Nano-structuring may help superconductors overcome a decades-long barrier to use in more powerful motors and magnets. Read More »

Uranium mill tailings field research site in Rifle, Colo.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Uranium Changes in Subsurface Environments

Bacterial biomass found to have an impact. Read More »

The left figure shows computed positions for atoms at grain boundaries during deformation...March 2013Science Highlights

New Understanding of Radiation-Enhanced Deformation

When it comes to stressing a crystal during irradiation, not all atoms are created equal. Read More »

Overall structure of 6-P-β-glucosidase and its comparison with 6-P-β-galactosidase.February 2013Science Highlights

Breaking Down Enzymes’ Role in Biofuel Production

Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Read More »

A focused laser is scanned over the sample, a suspended nanobeam of VO2.February 2013Science Highlights

Illuminating How Complex Oxides Turn Light into Electrical Current

Nanoscale imaging of the current generated by light provides insights for future generation optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Schematic illustration of cylinder-forming diblock copolymers...February 2013Science Highlights

Design Principles Revealed for a New Class of Functional Biomaterials

Ordered arrays of functional proteins with designed molecular properties created through self-assembly by combining proteins and synthetic polymers. Read More »

Recent experimental and theoretical studies of heat transport through a periodic stack of thin films known as a superlattice show that a portion of the thermal energy carriers maintain wave-like properties while traversing through the nanostructure.February 2013Science Highlights

An Unexpected Heat Wave

Observation of wavelike heat conduction reveals new possibilities for tailoring thermal transport through wave effects. Read More »

Illustration of multiple exciton generation (MEG) with a singlet exciton (S1)...February 2013Science Highlights

Double the Charge from One Photon in Organic Photovoltaics

First observation of key intermediate state in the conversion of one photon to two electrons. Read More »