Science Highlights

Picture of newly-devised frequency comb.

Toward Powerful and Compact Terahertz Spectrometers

A new, dime-sized light source will lead to novel spectrometers for the next generation of scientific discoveries. Read More »

Visualized model of a superlubricity (low-friction) system: gold = nanodiamond particles; red = graphene nanoscroll; green = underlying graphene on silica; black = diamond-like carbon surface.

Near Zero Friction from Nanoscale Lubricants

Researchers have attained superlubricity, the near absence of friction, at a carbon-silica interface using nanodiamonds wrapped in graphene flakes. Read More »

On the left: Fluorescent microscope image shows artificial bioreactors composed of sugar-based dextran polymer solution (blue) encapsulated within a shell of lipid vesicles (red). On the right: schematic illustration of what the vesicles look like at the aqueous/aqueous interface. Blue and yellow shading indicate the interior and exterior solutions.

New Artificial Cells Mimic Nature’s Tiny Reactors

A new approach creates microscale bioreactors for studying complex reactions for energy production and storage. Read More »

A novel catalyst transforms carbon dioxide and hydrogen into formic acid (HCOOH) via a two-step (yellow arrows) reaction.

Capturing and Converting CO2 in a Single Step

Researchers computationally design a cheap, efficient catalyst that captures carbon dioxide and creates a chemical building block. Read More »

Schematic of a “solar flow battery” with the three-electrode configuration: lithium anode electrode, counter electrode (CE), and photo-electrode (PE).

Eco-friendly Battery and Solar Cell All-in-One

Keeping the lights on: Solving the intermittency shortcomings of renewable solar energy. Read More »

The benchmark catalyst Fe(CO)5 is irradiated with ultraviolet light, causing it to lose one of its five carbon monoxide groups.

Scientists Track Ultrafast Formation of Catalyst with X-ray Laser

First-of-its-kind measurements provide insights on reactions that could one day turn sunlight and water into fuels. Read More »

Rotary engine (top) harnesses energy from evaporation to drive a miniature car.

Evaporation-powered Motor and Light

Bacterial spore-polymer composites harness energy from evaporation to power locomotion and generate electricity. Read More »

Scientists reported the first direct detection of a hydroperoxyalkyl radical—a class of reactive molecules denoted “QOOH”—that are key intermediates in combustion and atmospheric chemistry.

Combustion’s Mysterious “QOOH” Radicals Exposed

Direct measurement of an elusive but critical combustion molecule leads to more accurate models of ignition chemistry. Read More »

Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering data show the existence of a new quasiparticle in strontium iridate (Sr2IrO4).

X-ray Induced Quasiparticles: New Window on Unconventional Superconductivity

Creation of new neutral-charge, long-life quasiparticles may help explain high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

Understanding the conditions and pathways that position populations of isolated ions and shared proton species as they react in water allows scientists to better understand the chemistry of concentrated hydrogen chloride solutions, which has implications in chemical processes ranging from refining oil to building longer-lasting batteries.

Keeping the Ions Close: A New Activity

Study changes perception on how acids behave in water. Read More »

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