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Moth eyes are highly antireflective due to their nanostructured surface.03.31.16Science Highlight

Artificial Moth Eyes Enhance Silicon Solar Cells

A novel approach to design and assembly of nanotextured surfaces on photovoltaic devices could improve energy collection. Read More »

Scanning electron microscopy image of the hair coating of Saharan silver ants, which shows the triangular cross section of the hairs.03.31.16Science Highlight

Silver Ants Stay Cool in the Saharan Heat

Findings could lead to biomimetic coatings for passive radiative cooling technologies for buildings and vehicles. Read More »

Nanostructured sheets created using microwaves are envisioned here on an electrode surface for the hydrogen evolution reaction (green circles are molybdenum atoms, yellow circles are sulfur atoms).03.31.16Science Highlight

New Microwave Synthesis Technique Produces More - Affordable Hydrogen

Scientists synthesize what could be a low-cost, earth-abundant material that splits water to make hydrogen fuel. Read More »

Defects (red and blue markings) surprisingly self-organize in active liquid crystal film of protein filaments and such dynamic reorganization could lead to new approaches for designing self-healing materials.12.14.15Science Highlight

Defects Lead to Order

Surprising order found in bundles of protein filaments that move chaotically and form liquid crystals that could led to novel self-healing. Read More »

X-rays can characterize the motion of atomic-scale defects (for example, dislocations) relative to the morphology of a nanoparticle in the electrode of an operating lithium-ion battery. The dislocations are extra planes of atoms inserted into the atomic lattice.12.14.15Science Highlight

Tracking Hidden Imperfections Inside Operating Lithium-ion Batteries

Penetrating x-rays can image defects and phase changes during battery charging and discharging. Read More »

Artist conception highlights electron behavior in a single layer of iron-selenium atoms (red and purple) on a strontium titanate layer (blue pyramid shapes).12.14.15Science Highlight

Vibrations Raise the Critical Temperature for Superconductivity

Scientists reveal that coupling between electrons and atomic vibrations play a key role in this vexing phenomenon. Read More »

Aluminum-ion batteries could rapidly charge - in less than one minute.12.14.15Science Highlight

A Step Towards New, Faster-Charging, and Safer Batteries

First prototypes of aluminum-ion batteries charge quickly and have the potential for long lifetimes, low cost, and safe operation. Read More »

In an iron-based superconductor, model patterns of electron spins show two competing liquid-like magnetic phases. (Positive spins correspond with yellow and red, while negative spins are green and black.)12.14.15Science Highlight

Magnetic Dance at the Threshold of Superconductivity

Near the onset of superconductivity, continuous exchange of electrons occurs between distinct, liquid-like magnetic phases in an iron-based superconductor. Read More »

Simulation of stretching of a silver nanowire accurately shows the entire process from “necking” (thinner regions in the wire) to the formation of a new phase (red portion in the last image).12.14.15Science Highlight

When Small Things Become a Big Deal

Computer-simulated atomic motion answers real-world questions like “How do things break?” Read More »

Short laser pulses (the wide red arrow) on the order of femtoseconds (one quadrillionth of a second) changed the electronic properties of a material (the brown hexagonal shape) by triggering phase transitions.12.14.15Science Highlight

Lasers Leave a Mark on Materials - At the Atomic Level

Ultrafast laser shots act like dopants to create new electronic properties in materials. Read More »

Last modified: 11/9/2015 8:59:08 PM