Science Highlights

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »

Left: Fluorescent image of two polystyrene particles positioned at the north and south poles of a liquid crystal droplet. Right: Simulation of particle adsorption; region of disorder within droplets coincides exactly with the particle positions at the poles.

Cell-like Decoration of “Gooey” Surface

Precise, predictable positioning of nanoparticles on a liquid crystal droplet. Read More »

The one-armed antibody, onartuzumab (pink) binds to the receptor tyrosine kinase, MET (green and blue) found on the surface of cells preventing the binding of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) (red) disrupting the development and growth of tumors.

Biomolecular Structure Studies Advance an Antibody Approach to Cancer Therapy

Crystal structures obtained at the Advanced Light Source helped inform Genentech about the binding mechanism of a unique antibody that targets multiple cancer types. Read More »

The color spectrum of light absorbed by a strongly-coupled perylene-tetrapyrrole dyad is more than the sum of the spectra of the constituents.

Capturing All the Light: Panchromatic Visible Absorption for Solar Photoconversion

Linking together two light absorbing pigments to construct a better artificial photosynthesis solar cell. Read More »

Substituting Co into d-MoN gave enhanced activity which approaches that of Pt metal, and which is competitive with that of the best known non-noble metal alternatives.

Neutrons Reveal New Electrocatalyst Family for Producing Hydrogen Fuel

New catalyst material provides potential for cheaper renewable hydrogen production. Read More »

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

EPR spectra (A) with generated with isotope labeled tyrosines show that a tyrosine radical (B) is cleaved to form an oxobenzyl radical (C) as an intermediate in forming the CO and CN Fe ligands in FeFe hydrogenase.

Totally Radical: Unique Chemistry Needed to Make a Biological Hydrogen Catalyst

Key steps revealed in assembling the active site of a hydrogen-generating catalyst in bacteria. Read More »

Scanning electron microscope image of 2D arrays of channels created in a silicon sheet taking advantage of novel interface interactions with the soft substrate.

Chemistry and Strain Allow New Microfabrication

Discovery of a new bonding mechanism has enabled the facile fabrication of arrays of semiconductor microstructures. Read More »

Focal series high-resolution transmission-electron microscope (TEM) image (here, for disordered 1.2-1.5 nm NPs) and histogram for fraction of ordered NPs versus size, where NPs > 2.5 nm were all observed to be ordered.

Nanoparticles: To Be or Not to Be Crystalline?

Discovery of coexisting ordered and disordered catalytic nanoparticles. Read More »