Science Highlights

High-energy x-ray diffraction pattern from a single grain of a gadolinium – cadmium alloy (shown in center) displaying the novel five-fold rotational symmetry, characteristic of an icosahedral quasicrystal.

A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order

The discovery of the first binary magnetic quasicrystals will enable the unraveling of the fundamental relationship between the structure and magnetism in aperiodic materials. Read More »

Protons and x-rays permit direct, nondestructive imaging of melting and solidification of metal alloys.

Using Protons to Peer into Metal Solidification

Proton radiography is a new tool for imaging melting and solidification of metals. Read More »

The crystal structure of the niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) electrode allows for 2-dimensional diffusion of lithium ions during charging and discharging cycles.

The Best of Both Worlds

Researchers create materials that can store lots of energy and deliver it quickly. Read More »

Small-angle scattering (SAS) with X-rays (pictured) or neutrons provides structural data for many biomolecules not suited for other analytical methods because of their flexible structures.

Small-Angle Scattering of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

New method enables structure determination of flexible biomolecules. Read More »

Calculations predict the zeolite structure schematically shown in the figure will effectively capture methane from a low-quality natural gas mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane

Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Read More »

Professor Yi Cui holds a lab demonstration of the new lithium-polysulfide semi-liquid flow battery.

Battery Researchers Go With the Flow

New Battery Design Could One Day Help Solar and Wind Power the Electrical Grid Read More »

Scanning electron microscope image of a silicon surface hosting a nano-scale array of V-shaped gold antennas (metasurface) with different lengths, orientations, and angles.

Putting Light to Work at the Quantum Scale

Using artificial nanostructures to control the properties of light could play a prominent role in the future of computing. Read More »

Addition of copper ions (Cu II) to protein monomers that are engineered with metal-coordination sites leads to the spontaneous metal-induced assembly of specifically designed protein cages.

Triggering “Flash” Assembly of Proteins

Designing protein assemblies whose interactions can be manipulated to respond to a single environmental cue. Read More »

Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »