Science Highlights

Scanning tunneling microscopy image shows a variable width graphene nanoribbon. Atoms are visible as individual “bumps.”

For “Ribbons” of Graphene, Width Matters

Thin widths change a high-performance electrical conductor into a semiconductor. Read More »

Crystal structure of the parent compound of a calcium-strontium-based cuprate superconductor [(Ca/Sr)2CuO3]...

Predicting Magnetic Behavior in Copper Oxide Superconductors

New theoretical techniques predict experimental observations in superconducting materials. Read More »

Top view (left) and side view (right), illustrating the porous and layered structure of a highly conductive powder (Ni3(HITP)2), precursor to a new, tunable graphene analog.

Towards a Tunable Graphene-like Two-Dimensional Material

Researchers have created a porous, layered material that can serve as a graphene analog, and which may be a tool for storing energy and investigating the physics of unusual materials. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

Nanobionic Leaf: DNA-coated carbon nanotubes (top) incorporated inside chloroplasts in the leaves of living plants (middle) boost plant photosynthesis.

Nanobionics Supercharge Photosynthesis

Carbon nanotubes and inorganic nanoparticles enhance photosynthetic activity and stability. Read More »

Arrays of nanoribbons of lead zirconate titanate (gold, bottom) on a sheet of flexible polymer (brown) produce current pulses during each heartbeat.

Power from the Heart

Advances in materials processing enable harvesting of energy from heartbeats. Read More »

A series of x-ray scattering images are taken at ultrafast time intervals with an x-ray laser after excitation with an infra-red source that energizes the vibrational modes of a Germanium crystal.

X-ray Laser Used to Produce Movies of Atomic-scale Motion

Stroboscopic x-ray pulses scatter from a vibrating crystal and reveal how energy moves. Read More »

An anti-Brownian single-molecule microfluidic trap is used to observe individual light-harvesting antenna complexes in solution.

Shining Light on the Fleeting Interactions of Single Molecules

New technique allows scientists to observe the dynamic structural changes of single biomolecules in solution. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

The figure shows measured electron bunch images with lasing suppressed (top left) and full lasing (right).

Making the Old New Again: Measuring Ultrashort X-ray Laser Pulses

Researchers have developed a powerful new diagnostic tool for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) with femtosecond resolution. Read More »