Science Highlights

The crystal structure of the niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) electrode allows for 2-dimensional diffusion of lithium ions during charging and discharging cycles.

The Best of Both Worlds

Researchers create materials that can store lots of energy and deliver it quickly. Read More »

Small-angle scattering (SAS) with X-rays (pictured) or neutrons provides structural data for many biomolecules not suited for other analytical methods because of their flexible structures.

Small-Angle Scattering of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

New method enables structure determination of flexible biomolecules. Read More »

Calculations predict the zeolite structure schematically shown in the figure will effectively capture methane from a low-quality natural gas mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane

Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Read More »

Professor Yi Cui holds a lab demonstration of the new lithium-polysulfide semi-liquid flow battery.

Battery Researchers Go With the Flow

New Battery Design Could One Day Help Solar and Wind Power the Electrical Grid Read More »

Scanning electron microscope image of a silicon surface hosting a nano-scale array of V-shaped gold antennas (metasurface) with different lengths, orientations, and angles.

Putting Light to Work at the Quantum Scale

Using artificial nanostructures to control the properties of light could play a prominent role in the future of computing. Read More »

Addition of copper ions (Cu II) to protein monomers that are engineered with metal-coordination sites leads to the spontaneous metal-induced assembly of specifically designed protein cages.

Triggering “Flash” Assembly of Proteins

Designing protein assemblies whose interactions can be manipulated to respond to a single environmental cue. Read More »

Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »

[Left] Next generation multijunction solar cell with a dilute nitride middle junction (red)  [Right] A transition from delocalized to localized electron trapping is directly observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra as the magnetic field is increased up to 57 Tesla.

Optimizing New Materials for Extreme Solar PV Performance

High magnetic fields reveal the existence of nitrogen superclusters. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »