Science Highlights

AFM micrograph of the muscovite (001) basal plane showing PuO2 nanoparticles after overnight exposure to 2 mM Pu(III) in 100 mM NaCl at pH 2.6 (image range: 200 nm×200 nm).

Surface-Mediated Formation of Plutonium Nanoparticles

Researchers observe metal-trapping on mineral surfaces. Read More »

Disruption of Mediator rescues growth and fertility in Arabidopsis low lignin mutants.

Mediating Biofuel Complexity through “Mediator” Modification

Research points to more efficient and lower cost routes to high-yield biomass-derived renewable fuels. Read More »

Modified amino acid residues leave a tell-tale “trail” of water’s passage through the protein and to the active site of the photosynthetic protein complex known as Photosystem II (PS II).

Following the Trail of Water Molecules Through Photosystem II During Photosynthesis

Researchers have identified a possible channel that enables substrate water molecules to travel to the active site of Photosystem II. Read More »

Light emitting diode comprising an active layer of engineered quantum dots (QDs) contacted by electron (bottom) and hole (top) transport/injection layers.

Improving Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diodes: One Step Closer to Lighting Up Your Room

Nanoscale engineering boosts the performance of quantum dot light emitting diodes. Read More »

Comparing the performance of palladium clusters of different sizes for water oxidation; (inset) calculated structure of the Pd6O6 cluster (red = oxygen, grey = palladium), a catalytic site for the reaction.

Palladium Cluster Size Matters

Groups of Palladium atoms found to have major effects on electrocatalyst performance. Read More »

A single photon is absorbed by a pair of pentacene molecules to generate an energetically excited state consisting of a bound electron-hole pair (i.e., a singlet exciton) and involving the electron orbitals of both pentacene molecules (shown on the left).

Two-for-One Deal for Photovoltaics

Process doubles photocurrent from visible sunlight in organic solar cells. Read More »

Schematic of mechanism for generating a magnetic field.

Spinning a New Type of Magnetic Field

Harnessing the spins of electrons in a new way - enabling efficient magnetic switching and holding promise for spintronic devices. Read More »

The visible light emission from a polymer film containing platinum atoms has been tuned by adjusting the spacing of the platinum atoms in the polymer chain.

Towards Truly White LED Lighting

Adding platinum atoms tunes the color of emitted light. Read More »

Image shows the “stripes” (the alternating yellow and blue regions) of electronic charge alignment found in a ferroelectric thin film.

Towards Understanding Electronic Switching in Magnets

Researchers have invented a new x-ray imaging technique that could reveal key atomic-scale properties in ferroelectric magnetic materials. Read More »

Measured phase diagram for the three solid phases of vanadium oxide (VO2): metallic (golden), insulating M1 (grey), and insulating M2 (purple).

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching

A triple point, where three different atomic structures coexist simultaneously, has been uncovered in vanadium dioxide. Read More »