Science Highlights

The structure on the left shows the arrangement of atoms in a portion of the photosynthetic PSII complex that uses light to oxidize water.

Mimicking Photosynthesis for Production of Solar Fuels

A step closer to an artificial system using sunlight to produce hydrogen from water Read More »

Electron microscope image of new catalyst structure showing a single layer of platinum coating a palladium nanoparticle.

Improved Catalysts for Next Generation Fuel Cells

New design significantly increases the lifetime and reduces the platinum content in electrocatalysts needed for advanced fuel cells for automotive applications. Read More »

Oxygen vacancy maps reveal that the overall composition and the degree of oxygen order varies drastically between films of the same cation composition but grown on different substrates.

Seeing the Voids in Fuel Cell Materials at the Atomic Scale

New microscopy method opens the door to understanding atomic-scale variations in chemistry and improved materials performance in solid oxide fuel cells. Read More »

Diamond anvil showing dents (arrowed) after being used to squeeze this new superhard material.

New Superhard Form of Carbon Dents Diamond

Squeezing creates new class of material built from clusters of carbon atoms. Read More »

X-ray computer tomography (CT) image showing solid carbonate (calcite, green) grown in a network of glass beads (blue).

Underground Storage of Carbon Dioxide—as a Solid

Nanoscale features in rocks enable more carbon dioxide to be trapped as a solid carbonate material underground. Read More »

Flexible solar module.

Cutting the Costs of Solar Power with Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cells

High-efficiency compound semiconductor solar cells can now be printed on flexible, plastics. Read More »

The Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit nearing completion at the Savannah River Site.

Improved Method to Clean-Up Legacy Radioactive Waste

Chemistry provides a route to selective binding and extraction of radioactive cesium. Read More »

High magnification microscopy images of silica bubbles.

Directed Evolution: Semiconductors Emulating Biology

Enzymes originating from marine sponges were intentionally altered to create a new enzyme that can make semiconductors in artificial cells. Read More »

Sheets of zeolite catalysts form an open pore structure like a “house-of-cards”

Simple Synthesis of Pore Highways Inside of Catalysts

House-of-Cards structure leads to improved zeolite catalyst. Read More »

In the EFC, a slurry of activated carbon spheres in a non-toxic electrolyte (water with dissolved sodium sulfate) is pumped from reservoirs into the electrode-contact cell (inset), where the spheres acquire surface charge.

Electrical Energy Storage Using Carbon Slurries

New scalable, high power energy storage possible with carbon-electrolyte slurries. Read More »