Science Highlights

Photoionization/mass spectrometry apparatus at the Advanced Light Source

Synchrotron plus Mass Spectrometer equals New Insights Into Combustion Chemistry

Unique analysis of the reaction of propene with oxygen atom reveals the influence of electron spin on combustion chemistry. Read More »

Spatially resolved activation energy map overlaid with sample topography

Catching Lithium Ions in Action in a Battery Electrode

New microscopy with nanometer-sized resolution may bring revolutionary new understanding to energy storage technologies. Read More »

Large-area nanostructured solar cells.

Future Solar Cells: Thinner, Brighter, and Better

New theory describes light management in thin-film solar cells. Read More »

The proposed catalytic cycle for manganese porphyrin-catalyzed C-H fluorination reactions is consistent with theoretical calculations.

New Catalytic Approach Builds Molecules with Specific Functionality More Safely and Efficiently

Rapid creation of carbon-fluorine bonds may lead to improved production of drugs, agrochemicals and positron emission tomography (PET) tracers. Read More »

The structure on the left shows the arrangement of atoms in a portion of the photosynthetic PSII complex that uses light to oxidize water.

Mimicking Photosynthesis for Production of Solar Fuels

A step closer to an artificial system using sunlight to produce hydrogen from water Read More »

Electron microscope image of new catalyst structure showing a single layer of platinum coating a palladium nanoparticle.

Improved Catalysts for Next Generation Fuel Cells

New design significantly increases the lifetime and reduces the platinum content in electrocatalysts needed for advanced fuel cells for automotive applications. Read More »

Oxygen vacancy maps reveal that the overall composition and the degree of oxygen order varies drastically between films of the same cation composition but grown on different substrates.

Seeing the Voids in Fuel Cell Materials at the Atomic Scale

New microscopy method opens the door to understanding atomic-scale variations in chemistry and improved materials performance in solid oxide fuel cells. Read More »

Diamond anvil showing dents (arrowed) after being used to squeeze this new superhard material.

New Superhard Form of Carbon Dents Diamond

Squeezing creates new class of material built from clusters of carbon atoms. Read More »

X-ray computer tomography (CT) image showing solid carbonate (calcite, green) grown in a network of glass beads (blue).

Underground Storage of Carbon Dioxide—as a Solid

Nanoscale features in rocks enable more carbon dioxide to be trapped as a solid carbonate material underground. Read More »

Flexible solar module.

Cutting the Costs of Solar Power with Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cells

High-efficiency compound semiconductor solar cells can now be printed on flexible, plastics. Read More »