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Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.December 2014Science Highlights

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.December 2014Science Highlights

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

The weak signal of two gadolinium ions - shown as brilliant spheres - was used to solve the high resolution crystal structure of the model protein lysozyme.October 2014Science Highlights

Solving Protein Structures from Scratch

A novel tool to determine the structure of difficult to crystallize proteins. Read More »

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.October 2014Science Highlights

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »

Laser induced photodetachment is used to turn a stable F¯(H2O) molecule into FH2O to study the “half reaction” processes experimentally and theoretically.October 2014Science Highlights

A View from the Middle for Chemical Reactions

Studying the photodetachment of a stable anion provides an experimental-theoretical benchmark of the chemical dynamics. Read More »

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlights

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlights

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

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