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Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.December 2014Science Highlights

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

The weak signal of two gadolinium ions - shown as brilliant spheres - was used to solve the high resolution crystal structure of the model protein lysozyme.October 2014Science Highlights

Solving Protein Structures from Scratch

A novel tool to determine the structure of difficult to crystallize proteins. Read More »

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.October 2014Science Highlights

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »

Laser induced photodetachment is used to turn a stable F¯(H2O) molecule into FH2O to study the “half reaction” processes experimentally and theoretically.October 2014Science Highlights

A View from the Middle for Chemical Reactions

Studying the photodetachment of a stable anion provides an experimental-theoretical benchmark of the chemical dynamics. Read More »

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlights

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlights

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

Cultivated barley is the fourth most abundant crop in the world and a model for plant genetics research.July 2014Science Highlights

Assembling Complex Plant Genomes

New, rapid, and low-cost approach can be applied to many species. Read More »

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