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ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlights

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlights

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

Cultivated barley is the fourth most abundant crop in the world and a model for plant genetics research.July 2014Science Highlights

Assembling Complex Plant Genomes

New, rapid, and low-cost approach can be applied to many species. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to better predict the impact of ice sheet melting in Greenland under a changing climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Greenland Ice Sheet “Sliding” a Small Contributor to Future Sea-Level Rise

Modeling experiments assess impacts of key melting behavior. Read More »

Comparing the performance of palladium clusters of different sizes for water oxidation; (inset) calculated structure of the Pd6O6 cluster (red = oxygen, grey = palladium), a catalytic site for the reaction.June 2014Science Highlights

Palladium Cluster Size Matters

Groups of Palladium atoms found to have major effects on electrocatalyst performance. Read More »

Control of the synthesis results in a diversity of self-assembled structures formed by sticky colloidal particles:  array of “mushrooms” (left), wavy colloidal “fur”, dense fiber network, and three-dimensional reconstruction of the network (right).June 2014Science Highlights

Growing Nano “Hair” for Electrodes - From the Bottom Up

Electric fields control growth of “sticky” polymer particles. Read More »

Production of hydrogen through the water-gas shift reaction on Pt-CeOx interfaces supported on titania.June 2014Science Highlights

Stacking Metals for Better Catalysis: A New Type of Metal-Support Interaction

Designing a novel catalyst for the production of hydrogen. Read More »

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