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Selective hydrolysis and conversion of biomass hemicellulose to furfuralFebruary 2012Science Highlights

“One Pot” Recipe for Biofuels

“One pot” catalyst converts up to 20% of dry biomass to a critical chemical used in biofuel production. Read More »

Differences in the abundance of the types of sugar that can be extracted from four varieties of Sorgham after inoculation with the microbe Clostridium phytofermentans.February 2012Science Highlights

New Approaches for Conversion of Plant Biomass to Ethanol

Researchers develop new assay for ease of converting plant biomass to ethanol. Read More »

Mean seasonal fields of sea ice concentration (%)February 2012Science Highlights

How Arctic Ice Edges Erode

Does polar ice erosion come from atmospheric heating or from oceanic advection of warm waters? Read More »

2D nanosheets of sodium cobalt oxide made from a novel new process.January 2012Science Highlights

Metal Oxide Nanosheets: Graphene's Inorganic Cousin

New, scalable manufacturing technique grows metal oxide nanosheets with astronomical aspect-ratios, opening the door to intriguing material properties. Read More »

Atomic force microscope (AFM) micrograph of arrays niobium islands (red) on gold underlayer (yellow)January 2012Science Highlights

Tailored Materials Containing Superconductor Islands May Lead to Improved Electronic Materials

Arrays of superconducting islands open up the possibility for tailor-made properties and functionality. Read More »

Quaternary ammonium oxidative demethylation: X-ray crystallographic, resonance Raman, and UV-Visible spectroscopic analysis of a Rieske-type demethylase.January 2012Science Highlights

Combining Tools to Understand Enzyme Function

New insights into metal ions at an enzyme’s active site. Read More »

Atomic tomography image showing precipitates in an aluminum alloy.December 2011Science Highlights

New Aluminum Alloys for Energy-Efficient Transportation

High resolution imaging of atomic structure results in improved design of aluminum alloys. Read More »

The composite image shows some of the chemical species measured in a flat premixed flame at the Advanced Light Source.December 2011Science Highlights

Peering into the Flame

New insights from synchrotron-based studies are helping to assess the potential of new biofuels. Read More »

In carrier multiplication (CM), a single photon from sunlight creates two electron-hole pairsDecember 2011Science Highlights

Nanocrystal Solar Cells Squeeze Extra Juice Out of Sunlight

Laboratory measurements of “carrier multiplication” verified in real solar energy photovoltaic devices made of tiny quantum dots. Read More »

Movement and coalescence of catalyst particles in response to aging in fuel cells.December 2011Science Highlights

Fuel Cell Catalysts Caught in the Act of Aging

Researchers have captured the first three-dimensional images of changes in shape, composition, and position of individual catalyst particles during electrochemical cycling. Read More »