Brief Science Highlights

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The CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Southern Surveyor docked prior to participating in the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment in Darwin, Australia.March 2012Science Highlights

Simulating Tropical Clouds and Precipitation in Climate Models

Cloud-resolving models have difficulty representing the array of processes and scales in tropical storms. Read More »

Black ash on the summit of New Zealand’s Mount RuapehuMarch 2012Science Highlights

Black Carbon Reduces Snow Albedo

Snow reflects less solar radiation when contaminated with black carbon. Read More »

Electric field amplitude for terahertz light transmitted through bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3).February 2012Science Highlights

Showing that Surfaces Alone Can Conduct Electricity

Short pulses of light reveal an intrinsic conducting surface that is different from the bulk. Read More »

In the thermoelectric alloy copper antimony selenide (Cu3SbSe4, left), Sb atoms are bonded to four neighbors and are in the pentavalent (+5) charge state.February 2012Science Highlights

Being Uncoordinated Can Improve Thermoelectric Performance

Antimony atoms with uncoordinated electrons block flow of heat in thermoelectric materials. Read More »

Chemical Shift Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of a lithium battery after charging.February 2012Science Highlights

Brains, Knees, . . . and now Batteries

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method non-destructively images the chemical and structural changes in a lithium ion battery. Read More »

Unique catalyst is also capable of driving the reaction and then reversing it – converting electricity to hydrogen for storage and then converting it back to electricity for use.February 2012Science Highlights

Hydrogen Production Forwards and Backwards

A single reversible catalyst enables energy to be both stored and released on demand. Read More »

Polymeric sugars called Xyloglucans (black lines) were thought to tether cellulose microfibrils (red lines) in primary cell walls (top panel).February 2012Science Highlights

Tether No More: A Revised Model for Plant Cell Walls

Biomechanical studies challenge current depictions of plant primary cell wall architecture. Read More »

Schematic of catalytic fast pyrolysisFebruary 2012Science Highlights

Pumping up the Yield of Biofuels

A scalable catalytic process improves the yield of biofuels by 40%. Read More »

Selective hydrolysis and conversion of biomass hemicellulose to furfuralFebruary 2012Science Highlights

“One Pot” Recipe for Biofuels

“One pot” catalyst converts up to 20% of dry biomass to a critical chemical used in biofuel production. Read More »

Differences in the abundance of the types of sugar that can be extracted from four varieties of Sorgham after inoculation with the microbe Clostridium phytofermentans.February 2012Science Highlights

New Approaches for Conversion of Plant Biomass to Ethanol

Researchers develop new assay for ease of converting plant biomass to ethanol. Read More »

Last modified: 3/18/2013 11:05:00 AM