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Scanning electron microscope image of 2D arrays of channels created in a silicon sheet taking advantage of novel interface interactions with the soft substrate.October 2014Science Highlights

Chemistry and Strain Allow New Microfabrication

Discovery of a new bonding mechanism has enabled the facile fabrication of arrays of semiconductor microstructures. Read More »

Copper (Cu) nanorods grown using physical vapor deposition.October 2014Science Highlights

Downsizing Has Its Rewards

New Theory has Guided Experiments for Making the Smallest Possible Metal Rods Useful as Air-tight Sealants. Read More »

Front view of metal organic framework (MOF-74), showing the almost perfectly one-dimensional chains of transition metal magnets (green sections of structure).October 2014Science Highlights

When Metal Organic Frameworks Turn into One-Dimensional Magnets

Simulations and experiments reveal one-dimensional nano-size magnets are formed in a common porous material. Read More »

Laser induced photodetachment is used to turn a stable F¯(H2O) molecule into FH2O to study the “half reaction” processes experimentally and theoretically.October 2014Science Highlights

A View from the Middle for Chemical Reactions

Studying the photodetachment of a stable anion provides an experimental-theoretical benchmark of the chemical dynamics. Read More »

Wide-field fluorescence images (upper) acquired simultaneously in two orthogonal polarizations (double-ended arrows) depicting the 1D diffusional motions of rod-shaped single molecules confined within surfactant-templated mesoporous silica (bottom scheme).October 2014Science Highlights

Wobbling Molecules Probe Wiggle Room in Nanochannels

Single-molecule wobbling measurements help to elucidate molecular confinement within cylindrical nanopores. Read More »

Representative structures of the fluoroprotactinates synthesized and their structures determined using single crystal X-ray crystallography.October 2014Science Highlights

At an Elemental Crossroad: Investigating the Chemistry of Protactinium

Studies of protactinium aim to understand its chemistry and its unique electronic properties in the actinide elements. Read More »

AFM micrograph of the muscovite (001) basal plane showing PuO2 nanoparticles after overnight exposure to 2 mM Pu(III) in 100 mM NaCl at pH 2.6 (image range: 200 nm×200 nm).October 2014Science Highlights

Surface-Mediated Formation of Plutonium Nanoparticles

Researchers observe metal-trapping on mineral surfaces. Read More »

Using fluorescence microscopy, researchers observed the location of annexin A2 protein within cells under normal conditions (left) and after irradiation (right), which caused a majority of the proteins to relocate to the nucleus.July 2014Science Highlights

Cell Signaling Responses to Low-Dose Radiation

Study shows protein moves to nucleus, helps irradiated cells survive. Read More »

By comparing computational simulations of rainfall with long-term measurements, researchers hope to improve how precipitation is represented in climate models.July 2014Science Highlights

Improving Rainfall Processes in Climate Models

Long-term ARM data used to evaluate precipitation simulations. Read More »

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.July 2014Science Highlights

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »