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Protein production occurs in two basic steps: transcription and translation.July 2014Science Highlights

Recoding of Bacterial Genome Produces Proteins with New Functions

Altered stop codon allows E. coli strain to incorporate nonstandard amino acids. Read More »

An assessment of the ability of climate models to simulate clouds shows that newer models are better aligning with cloud satellite observations.July 2014Science Highlights

Improved Climate Model Simulations of Clouds

New models show reduction in bias associated with too many highly reflective clouds. Read More »

Researchers are genetically engineering microorganisms to produce high-energy biofuels that can directly replace petroleum in existing engines.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Yields of Advanced Biofuels from Genetically Engineered Yeast

Strains produce “drop-in” fuels and chemicals derived from fatty acids. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlights

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

Cultivated barley is the fourth most abundant crop in the world and a model for plant genetics research.July 2014Science Highlights

Assembling Complex Plant Genomes

New, rapid, and low-cost approach can be applied to many species. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to better predict the impact of ice sheet melting in Greenland under a changing climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Greenland Ice Sheet “Sliding” a Small Contributor to Future Sea-Level Rise

Modeling experiments assess impacts of key melting behavior. Read More »

A study comparing microbial communities before and after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico indicates that, although overall population diversity changed, some microbes were unaffected.July 2014Science Highlights

Hope for Re-establishing Microbial Populations in the Gulf of Mexico

2010 oil spill reduced diversity, but some species were unaffected. Read More »

Methane emissions estimated in a recent study (A) and compared against the commonly used Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) 4.2 inventory (B and C).July 2014Science Highlights

Some U.S. Methane Sources May Be Larger than Previously Thought

Inventories underestimate emissions from fossil fuel industry and animal husbandry, study finds. Read More »

Aerosol observations from the 2011 Las Conchas fire in New Mexico (seen here) are helping researchers gain a better understanding of wildfire effects on climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Wildfires Lead to More Warming than Climate Models Predicted

Aerosol observations shed light on impact of soot and smoke. Read More »

Last modified: 3/18/2013 11:05:00 AM