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Measured phase diagram for the three solid phases of vanadium oxide (VO2): metallic (golden), insulating M1 (grey), and insulating M2 (purple).September 2013Science Highlights

Fundamental New Insight Into Material for Optical-Switching

A triple point, where three different atomic structures coexist simultaneously, has been uncovered in vanadium dioxide. Read More »

Data points indicating the strength of long-range charge order (top) show that the static stripe order disappears at 240 K, while the data related to short-range dynamic correlations (bottom) show a gradual decay at much higher temperatures.September 2013Science Highlights

The Role of Stripes in Superconducting Behavior

Using neutron diffraction, movement of charged atoms arranged as “stripes” was captured for the first time. Read More »

Monsoon clouds gather over the Bay of Bengal in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.September 2013Science Highlights

Tracing Aerosol Impacts on South Asian Monsoons

The effect of pollution aerosols on monsoons. Read More »

10-m South Pole Telescope at the National Science Foundation’s Amundsen-Scott Research Station.August 2013Science Highlights

Patterns in the Cosmos Trace Evolution of the Universe

Detection of subtle polarization patterns in the Cosmic Microwave Background opens a new window on fundamental physics and cosmology. Read More »

A toroid SMES system consisting of a number of high field coils made with the High Temperature Superconductors (HTS).August 2013Science Highlights

Massive Energy Storage in Superconductors (SMES)

Novel high temperature superconductor magnet technology charts new territory. Read More »

Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments have been used to visualize the formation of composite particles called “heavy electrons” with the lowering of temperature.July 2013Science Highlights

Visualizing the Onset of “Heavy Electron” Superconductivity

Electrons can behave as if they are a hundred times heavier than free electrons and superconducting. Read More »

Scanning electron micrograph of a new solid electrolyte material (lithium thiophosphate) showing its surface morphology and the nanoscale porosity which are responsible for its high ionic conductivity; Inset shows its crystal structure.July 2013Science Highlights

New Materials for High-Energy, Long-Life Rechargeable Batteries

Using sulfur-rich, highly ionic compounds as cathodes and electrolytes enables solid-state lithium-sulfur rechargeable batteries. Read More »

The structure of the iron MOF showing iron (orange), nitrogen (blue), and carbon (gray) atoms, as viewed along the triangular channels.July 2013Science Highlights

Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining

A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) efficiently separates higher octane components from the low value ones, offering great potential for significant cost reduction in gasoline production. Read More »

The inside of the University of Texas, Austin, vacuum chamber where electrons were accelerated to 2 GeV.July 2013Science Highlights

Two GeV Electrons Achieved by Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration

Scientists at University of Texas, Austin, accelerate electrons to 2 GeV in table top apparatus. Read More »

Resonant scattering with coherent x-rays is used to probe the size and the dynamics of magnetic domains in a Dysprosium (one of the elements with highest magnetic strength) crystal with three different domains (shown in three colors in the schematic).June 2013Science Highlights

Magnetic Systems Mimic Granular Materials

Magnetic domains exhibit the same dynamic jamming behavior universal to granular materials, polymers, glasses and emulsions. Read More »