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A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.April 2013Science Highlights

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

Laser Plasma Wakefield AccelerationApril 2013Science Highlights

How Accelerator Physicists Save Time

A boosted frame of reference boosts the speed of calculations. Read More »

Addition of copper ions (Cu II) to protein monomers that are engineered with metal-coordination sites leads to the spontaneous metal-induced assembly of specifically designed protein cages.March 2013Science Highlights

Triggering “Flash” Assembly of Proteins

Designing protein assemblies whose interactions can be manipulated to respond to a single environmental cue. Read More »

Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.March 2013Science Highlights

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

[Left] Next generation multijunction solar cell with a dilute nitride middle junction (red)  [Right] A transition from delocalized to localized electron trapping is directly observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra as the magnetic field is increased up to 57 Tesla.March 2013Science Highlights

Optimizing New Materials for Extreme Solar PV Performance

High magnetic fields reveal the existence of nitrogen superclusters. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Distribution of superconductivity around holes (white) in a thin sheet of superconducting film.March 2013Science Highlights

A Breakthrough for High-Field Superconductors

Nano-structuring may help superconductors overcome a decades-long barrier to use in more powerful motors and magnets. Read More »

The left figure shows computed positions for atoms at grain boundaries during deformation...March 2013Science Highlights

New Understanding of Radiation-Enhanced Deformation

When it comes to stressing a crystal during irradiation, not all atoms are created equal. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.March 2013Science Highlights

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »

A new radiolabeled sugar compound helps researchers image carbohydrate movement in plants.March 2013Science Highlights

Watching Sugars Move in Plants

New radiolabeled compound used to image sucrose transport. Read More »