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This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.December 2014Science Highlights

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.December 2014Science Highlights

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.December 2014Science Highlights

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.December 2014Science Highlights

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

Baohua Gu and colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a method to determine the total number of sulfur compounds called thiols on intact bacterial cells and natural organic matter.December 2014Science Highlights

New Tool for Studying Toxic Metals in the Environment

Method enables quantification of thiols on bacteria and natural organic matter. Read More »

A fragment of the crystal structure of the new ice is shown where the oxygen atoms are blue and the molecular hydrogen atoms pink.October 2014Science Highlights

Inside Ice Under High Pressure

New insights from neutron diffraction reveal changes to atomic structure. Read More »

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.October 2014Science Highlights

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »

Substituting Co into d-MoN gave enhanced activity which approaches that of Pt metal, and which is competitive with that of the best known non-noble metal alternatives.October 2014Science Highlights

Neutrons Reveal New Electrocatalyst Family for Producing Hydrogen Fuel

New catalyst material provides potential for cheaper renewable hydrogen production. Read More »

Representative structures of the fluoroprotactinates synthesized and their structures determined using single crystal X-ray crystallography.October 2014Science Highlights

At an Elemental Crossroad: Investigating the Chemistry of Protactinium

Studies of protactinium aim to understand its chemistry and its unique electronic properties in the actinide elements. Read More »

AFM micrograph of the muscovite (001) basal plane showing PuO2 nanoparticles after overnight exposure to 2 mM Pu(III) in 100 mM NaCl at pH 2.6 (image range: 200 nm×200 nm).October 2014Science Highlights

Surface-Mediated Formation of Plutonium Nanoparticles

Researchers observe metal-trapping on mineral surfaces. Read More »

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Last modified: 3/18/2013 11:05:00 AM