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Snapshots of a helium bubble just before bursting when grown at slow versus fast rates.July 2015Science Highlights

Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burns and Helium Bubbles

New models reveal the impact of competing processes on helium bubble formation in plasma-exposed tungsten. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.March 2015Science Highlights

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).March 2015Science Highlights

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to better predict the impact of ice sheet melting in Greenland under a changing climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Greenland Ice Sheet “Sliding” a Small Contributor to Future Sea-Level Rise

Modeling experiments assess impacts of key melting behavior. Read More »

Calculations predict the zeolite structure schematically shown in the figure will effectively capture methane from a low-quality natural gas mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).April 2013Science Highlights

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane

Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Read More »

Laser Plasma Wakefield AccelerationApril 2013Science Highlights

How Accelerator Physicists Save Time

A boosted frame of reference boosts the speed of calculations. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

An electrolyte molecule (ethylene carbonate: C3H4O3) weakly binds (dashed line) to the positive electrode surface (Li0.6Mn2O4)...February 2013Science Highlights

Understanding Nature’s Choreography in Batteries

Charge-discharge chemistry for lithium ion batteries elucidated by theoretical calculations. Read More »

To map the oceanic subsurface at a scale and resolution previously unknown, EMGeo unites the latest in computing power with advanced geophysical imaging techniques.October 2012Science Highlights

Finding Hidden Oil and Gas Reserves

Supercomputers + Software + electromagnetic images yield new way to discriminate underground deposits from surrounding geology. Read More »

X-ray computer tomography (CT) image showing solid carbonate (calcite, green) grown in a network of glass beads (blue).July 2012Science Highlights

Underground Storage of Carbon Dioxide—as a Solid

Nanoscale features in rocks enable more carbon dioxide to be trapped as a solid carbonate material underground. Read More »

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