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Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.March 2015Science Highlights

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

Researchers have found that some wild organisms interpret a genetic sequence typically read as “stop” to mean something else.March 2015Science Highlights

Microbes Disprove Long-Held Assumption that All Organisms Share a Common Vocabulary

Study shows that “stop” code can be assigned other meanings. Read More »

To better understand the complex processes involved in wood formation, researchers have developed a new method to study genetic regulatory mechanisms in poplar, a potential bioenergy feedstock (shown here).March 2015Science Highlights

Genetics of Wood Formation

Researchers identify genetic regulatory networks that influence poplar wood formation, a key bioenergy plant. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.December 2014Science Highlights

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

To better understand how switchgrass acquires and mobilizes minerals, researchers have conducted the first molecular study of transporter genes in this bioenergy feedstock.December 2014Science Highlights

Understanding Mineral Transport in Switchgrass

Genetic insights into nutrient movement will enhance bioenergy feedstock’s sustainability. Read More »

Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG), a data warehouse run by the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, provides tools for analyzing the structural and functional annotations of genomes in a comparative context.December 2014Science Highlights

Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger

DOE Joint Genome Institute expands data and analytical tools. Read More »

Researchers have discovered a novel methane-producing microbe that dominates the thawing permafrost of their study site: the Stordalen Mire in Sweden’s Abisko National Park.December 2014Science Highlights

New Methane-Producing Microbe Found in Thawing Permafrost

The species and its relatives appear to be prevalent in areas of high methane flux worldwide. Read More »

Duckweed is a relatively simple plant with fronds (A and B, right) that float on the surface of water and roots that extend into the water.December 2014Science Highlights

Biofuels from a Floating Water Weed

Duckweed sequencing reveals insights into genes for lignin, cellulose, and starch production. Read More »

Using fluorescence microscopy, researchers observed the location of annexin A2 protein within cells under normal conditions (left) and after irradiation (right), which caused a majority of the proteins to relocate to the nucleus.July 2014Science Highlights

Cell Signaling Responses to Low-Dose Radiation

Study shows protein moves to nucleus, helps irradiated cells survive. Read More »

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.July 2014Science Highlights

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

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