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Symbiotic fungi called ectomycorrhizae colonize the roots of bishop pine.December 2014Science Highlights

Uncovering Role of Symbiotic Fungi in Soil Carbon Storage

Mycorrhizae inhabiting plant roots have major impact on carbon release rates. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.December 2014Science Highlights

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

Steam rises from the cooling towers of the Fermi 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Michigan.December 2014Science Highlights

Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling

Model examines water-energy relationships at the regional level. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.December 2014Science Highlights

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.December 2014Science Highlights

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

Baohua Gu and colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a method to determine the total number of sulfur compounds called thiols on intact bacterial cells and natural organic matter.December 2014Science Highlights

New Tool for Studying Toxic Metals in the Environment

Method enables quantification of thiols on bacteria and natural organic matter. Read More »

By comparing computational simulations of rainfall with long-term measurements, researchers hope to improve how precipitation is represented in climate models.July 2014Science Highlights

Improving Rainfall Processes in Climate Models

Long-term ARM data used to evaluate precipitation simulations. Read More »

Predicting the economic costs of damage from natural forces is difficult.July 2014Science Highlights

Climate Change Impact Valuation Models Revisited

Valuing diverse climate impacts in integrated assessment models. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.July 2014Science Highlights

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

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Last modified: 3/18/2013 11:05:00 AM