Joint Bioenergy Institute

Joint Bioenergy Institute 

 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Stories of Discovery & Innovation

This image is a network graph—called a “minimum spanning tree”—showing the 7,410 DFT-predicted stable compounds from the Open Quantum Materials Database (OQMD) at the time the JOM article was completed.07.09.14Stories of Discovery & Innovation

From Human Genome to Materials “Genome”

Government initiative seeks to speed the pace of materials discovery and innovation. Read More »

Troy Van Voorhis, professor of chemistry (left), and Marc Baldo, professor of electrical engineering (right).05.27.14Stories of Discovery & Innovation

Getting More Electricity out of Solar Cells

New MIT model can guide design of solar cells that produce less waste heat, more useful current. Read More »

Photo shows wild type Arabidopsis, a plant with just the two Mediator mutations, a dwarf mutant with reduced lignin production, and a mutant with all three mutations, restored to wild-type size.04.30.14Stories of Discovery & Innovation

Squaring the Circle in Biofuels?

Researchers produce a new type of plant fiber that supports normal growth while easing the difficulties of conversion to fuel. Read More »

Researchers use a near-infrared microscope to read the output of carbon nanotube sensors embedded in an Arabidopsis thaliana plant.03.31.14Stories of Discovery & Innovation

Bionic Plants

Nanotechnology could turn shrubbery into supercharged energy producers. Read More »

A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device composed of an array of multi‑walled carbon nanotubes as the absorber, a one‑dimensional silicon/silicon dioxide photonic crystal as the emitter, and a 0.55 eV photovoltaic cell.01.27.14Stories of Discovery & Innovation

Harvesting the Sun’s Energy Through Heat as Well as Light

New approach developed at MIT could generate power from sunlight efficiently and on demand. Read More »

Science Highlights

Numerical simulation of the magnetic inhomogeneity (red = magnetism, blue = superconductivity) caused by replacing 1% of the indium atoms in a superconductor (CeCoIn5) with cadmium atoms.March 2015Science Highlights

A potential Rosetta Stone of high temperature superconductivity

Discovery paves the way to quantitatively investigate the interplay among magnetism, superconductivity and disorder in high temperature superconductors. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.March 2015Science Highlights

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Palladium-nickel nanoparticles (top structural model) are synthesized and then exposed to reactive gases (lower right) while being probed with high-energy x-rays.March 2015Science Highlights

Optimizing Atomic Neighborhoods for Speedier Chemical Reactions

Clusters with longer separations between atoms had enhanced catalytic activity. Read More »

Depiction of carbon nanotube (gray) inserted into a cell membrane, with a single strand of DNA (gold) passing through the nanotube.March 2015Science Highlights

Spontaneous Formation of Biomimetic, Nanoporous Membrane Channels

Carbon nanotubes insert into artificial and active cell membranes, reproducing major features of biological channels. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).March 2015Science Highlights

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »