The Facilities Division supports a broad range of activities that include operations and maintenance of accelerator facilities here and abroad, development of new facilities, general accelerator R&D that covers magnet technologies and accelerating structures, and studies of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Much of this research is directed towards the development of specific technologies and facilities. There are three subdivisions:
The Facility Operations division supports major operations at the Fermilab Tevatron Complex, U.S. LHC Operations, and operations at other labs as well. The Fermilab Tevatron complex supports both collider and neutrino physics programs. This requires the Tevatron complex to operate in a dual running mode to simultaneously supply beams for collider experiments and for fixed target experiments that use neutrinos from the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI). U.S. LHC Operations supports scientists from US universities and national laboratories who participate in the design and construction of the Large Hadron Collider, its startup, and will work in the years ahead on further research and development for upgrades to the LHC. Facility Operations also provides support for the electron accelerator complex at SLAC for transition of the complex to a safe and stable maintenance mode and decommissioning and decontamination activities (D&D).
Facilities Development provides support for directed research. This R&D effort is of a near- or mid-term nature, with accelerator R&D being developed for a specific application, technology, or proposed facility.
There are four subdivisions:
General Accelerator R&D-- This activity focuses on R&D that can be widely applied to a range of accelerator facilities. The major areas of R&D are superconducting magnet and related materials technology; high-powered RF acceleration systems; instrumentation; beam dynamics, both linear and nonlinear; and development of large simulation programs. The latter effort is coordinated with the SciDAC accelerator simulation project.
LHC Accerator Research Program (LARP)—focuses on the production of full-scale, accelerator-quality magnets that sustain the highest possible magnetic fields, as well as collimation and monitoring systems. This effort will provide important technical data to CERMNfor management decisions on possible future LHC accelerator upgrades to increase luminosity.
Superconducting Radio-Frequency (SRF) R&D—Central to a variety of future accelerator projects, the SRF R&D program supports development of the infrastructure required for SRF cavity and cryomodule processing, assembly, and testing.
International Linear Collider (ILC) R&D—As a lepton collider may very well be the successor to the LHC, the US participates in the ILC collaboration, with a focus on the development of very bright particle beams, electron sources, damping rings, beam dynamics and diagnostics, as well as the development and prototyping of RF equipment and components of the main linac accelerator.
Instrumentation & Major Systems
The Office of High Energy Physics (HEP) supports particle physics experiments at accelerators, underground laboratories, space exploration missions and ground-based telescopes. These experiments present new opportunities for discovery at the three frontiers of particle physics. When combined, these different pathways of discovery lead to a more complete picture of the fundamental nature of the universe. Click on a link to the right to find out more about the HEP-supported experiments currently under development.