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Scientists can noninvasively examine how live microbial communities interact in real time using the nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoDESI) instrument.07.01.14Science Highlight

Learning How Bacteria Communicate

New tool identifies molecules that influence microbial communities. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.07.01.14Science Highlight

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.07.01.14Science Highlight

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.07.01.14Science Highlight

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Phytoplankton known as coccolithophores bloom in the Barents Sea north of Russia, their scales giving off a bright green glow.07.01.14Science Highlight

Genomic Sequence of a Marine Blooming Alga

Genome variability helps explain why Emiliania huxleyi canflourish in diverse ocean habitats. Read More »

Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.07.01.14Science Highlight

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

By comparing computational simulations of rainfall with long-term measurements, researchers hope to improve how precipitation is represented in climate models.07.01.14Science Highlight

Improving Rainfall Processes in Climate Models

Long-term ARM data used to evaluate precipitation simulations. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.07.01.14Science Highlight

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

Aerosol observations from the 2011 Las Conchas fire in New Mexico (seen here) are helping researchers gain a better understanding of wildfire effects on climate.07.01.14Science Highlight

Wildfires Lead to More Warming than Climate Models Predicted

Aerosol observations shed light on impact of soot and smoke. Read More »

Researchers are genetically engineering microorganisms to produce high-energy biofuels that can directly replace petroleum in existing engines.07.01.14Science Highlight

Higher Yields of Advanced Biofuels from Genetically Engineered Yeast

Strains produce “drop-in” fuels and chemicals derived from fatty acids. Read More »