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When gaseous carbon dioxide (center) is dissolved in water, its water-fearing or hydrophobic nature creates a cylindrical cavity in the liquid, setting the stage for the proton transfer reactions that produce carbonic acid.08.01.15Science Highlight

The Importance of Hydration

Spectroscopy combined with theory and computation determines the interaction between carbon dioxide and water. Read More »

Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred over 300 years ago in our galaxy, at a distance of about 11,000 light years from us.08.01.15Science Highlight

Magnetic Amplification in Cosmic Field Explained

Experimental turbulence model matches the magnetic field amplification seen within the remains of a supernova. Read More »

Scientists reported the first direct detection of a hydroperoxyalkyl radical—a class of reactive molecules denoted “QOOH”—that are key intermediates in combustion and atmospheric chemistry.08.01.15Science Highlight

Combustion’s Mysterious “QOOH” Radicals Exposed

Direct measurement of an elusive but critical combustion molecule leads to more accurate models of ignition chemistry. Read More »

Initial hot spots created by collisions of one, two, and three-particle ions with much larger gold ions.08.01.15Science Highlight

Discovered: Tiny Drops of “Perfect” Fluid that Existed in the Early Universe

Particles colliding at nearly light speed reveal information about the true nature of matter. Read More »

To help identify routes to mitigate toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and soot formation from combustion engines, scientists identified the full list of products in a key reaction between phenyl radicals and oxygen.07.01.15Science Highlight

Up in Flames: Phenyl Oxidation Product Distribution

Researchers determine the reaction pathway to how soot and other toxic components form in combustion systems. Read More »

Snapshots of a helium bubble just before bursting when grown at slow versus fast rates.07.01.15Science Highlight

Double, Double Toil and Trouble: Tungsten Burns and Helium Bubbles

New models reveal the impact of competing processes on helium bubble formation in plasma-exposed tungsten. Read More »

The top figure shows the energy/time distribution of the twin bunches measured with an X-band transverse deflector.07.01.15Science Highlight

Two-color X-rays Give Scientists 3-D View of the Unknown

Pairs of precisely tuned X-ray pulses uncover ultrafast processes and previously unmapped structures. Read More »

A time sequence of three-dimensional views shows a stable whirlpool (red) is formed from a decaying vortex ring (time index 160), eventually straightening out (200 and 350).07.01.15Science Highlight

Mystery Object in Ultracold Superfluids Identified in New Simulation

Computational algorithms show whirlpools, not disks, form and dissipate on fluid’s surface. Read More »

High-speed photographs of a falling water droplet on a nanostructured surface (top) before, (middle) during, and (bottom) after impact.07.01.15Science Highlight

Super Water-Repellant Coatings Can Now Take the Pressure

Careful tuning of a surface at the nanoscale could lead to robust materials for solar panels, other uses. Read More »

A proton (marked in yellow) is initially attached to a water molecule above the layer of carbon (grey) in graphene.07.01.15Science Highlight

The World’s Thinnest Proton Channel

Atomic-scale defects in graphene are shown to selectively allow protons to pass through a barrier that is just one carbon atom thick. Read More »