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Changes in primary DNA sequence (a) and three-dimensional structure (b) upon directed evolution of the noncatalytic protein hRXRα to the ligase enzyme 10C.July 2014Science Highlights

Watching the Evolution of a Protein’s Function

Study reveals structural changes leading to catalytic activity. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.July 2014Science Highlights

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.July 2014Science Highlights

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

Global distribution of black carbon in 2000 among eight different models, whose results diverged the most in polar regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Understanding Soot’s Effect on Snow Reflectivity

Model comparison evaluates black carbon levels and impacts. Read More »

Scientists can noninvasively examine how live microbial communities interact in real time using the nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoDESI) instrument.July 2014Science Highlights

Learning How Bacteria Communicate

New tool identifies molecules that influence microbial communities. Read More »

A new modeling approach suggests that boreal forests, such as this one in Quebec, Canada, will shift north with warming and lose more carbon than previously expected.July 2014Science Highlights

Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models

New method predicts how climates will move as temperatures rise. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlights

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Phytoplankton known as coccolithophores bloom in the Barents Sea north of Russia, their scales giving off a bright green glow.July 2014Science Highlights

Genomic Sequence of a Marine Blooming Alga

Genome variability helps explain why Emiliania huxleyi canflourish in diverse ocean habitats. Read More »

Last modified: 8/18/2014 11:13:02 AM