Laboratory Science Highlights

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A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.April 2013Science Highlights

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.March 2013Science Highlights

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

[Left] Next generation multijunction solar cell with a dilute nitride middle junction (red)  [Right] A transition from delocalized to localized electron trapping is directly observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra as the magnetic field is increased up to 57 Tesla.March 2013Science Highlights

Optimizing New Materials for Extreme Solar PV Performance

High magnetic fields reveal the existence of nitrogen superclusters. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Distribution of superconductivity around holes (white) in a thin sheet of superconducting film.March 2013Science Highlights

A Breakthrough for High-Field Superconductors

Nano-structuring may help superconductors overcome a decades-long barrier to use in more powerful motors and magnets. Read More »

Research on uranium transformation and mobility in the subsurface is providing insights that can aid remediation efforts at contaminated sites such as the Hanford 300 area in Washington.March 2013Science Highlights

Common Mineral Impurity Can Affect Uranium Mobility

Previously unknown role of titanium in subsurface chemistry revealed. Read More »

Uranium mill tailings field research site in Rifle, Colo.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Uranium Changes in Subsurface Environments

Bacterial biomass found to have an impact. Read More »

An electrolyte molecule (ethylene carbonate: C3H4O3) weakly binds (dashed line) to the positive electrode surface (Li0.6Mn2O4)...February 2013Science Highlights

Understanding Nature’s Choreography in Batteries

Charge-discharge chemistry for lithium ion batteries elucidated by theoretical calculations. Read More »

Scanning electron microscopy of conductive carbon fibers coated with metal oxide nanowires...February 2013Science Highlights

Nano-Composite Designs for Energy Storage

Nano-porous metal oxide coatings on carbon fiber dramatically enhance the electrical storage capacity for supercapacitors. Read More »

Overall structure of 6-P-β-glucosidase and its comparison with 6-P-β-galactosidase.February 2013Science Highlights

Breaking Down Enzymes’ Role in Biofuel Production

Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Read More »

Last modified: 3/15/2013 4:49:27 PM