Laboratory Science Highlights

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Scanning electron microscope image of a silicon surface hosting a nano-scale array of V-shaped gold antennas (metasurface) with different lengths, orientations, and angles.April 2013Science Highlights

Putting Light to Work at the Quantum Scale

Using artificial nanostructures to control the properties of light could play a prominent role in the future of computing. Read More »

Data from the ARM Climate Research Facility’s Oklahoma site are advancing the understanding of continental cumulus clouds, which will improve their representation in global climate models.April 2013Science Highlights

Fair-Weather Clouds, Cooling, and Humidity

ARM data offer insights into shallow cumulus clouds over land. Read More »

Small-angle scattering (SAS) with X-rays (pictured) or neutrons provides structural data for many biomolecules not suited for other analytical methods because of their flexible structures.April 2013Science Highlights

Small-Angle Scattering of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

New method enables structure determination of flexible biomolecules. Read More »

Polysaccharides (complex chains of sugar) in plant cell walls are great carbon energy sources for biofuel production.April 2013Science Highlights

Engineering Better Plants for Biofuels

New approach decreases lignin content in plant secondary cell wall. Read More »

Researchers have identified two genes required for bacterial conversion of mercury into methylmercury, a more toxic form.April 2013Science Highlights

Scientists Discover how Bacteria Convert Mercury to Toxic Form

Two genes responsible for mercury methylation identified. Read More »

A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.April 2013Science Highlights

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.March 2013Science Highlights

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

[Left] Next generation multijunction solar cell with a dilute nitride middle junction (red)  [Right] A transition from delocalized to localized electron trapping is directly observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra as the magnetic field is increased up to 57 Tesla.March 2013Science Highlights

Optimizing New Materials for Extreme Solar PV Performance

High magnetic fields reveal the existence of nitrogen superclusters. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlights

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Distribution of superconductivity around holes (white) in a thin sheet of superconducting film.March 2013Science Highlights

A Breakthrough for High-Field Superconductors

Nano-structuring may help superconductors overcome a decades-long barrier to use in more powerful motors and magnets. Read More »

Last modified: 3/15/2013 4:49:27 PM