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Researchers isolated an Escherichia coli mutant that tolerates a liquid salt used to break apart plant biomass into sugary polymers.06.20.16Science Highlight

A One-Pot Recipe for Making Jet Fuel

Researchers use engineered bacteria to simplify biofuels production, potentially lowering cost. Read More »

A common sulfate-reducing bacterium co-evolves with another microbe to create a synergistic situation where both microbes thrive in the subsurface without oxygen, which does not penetrate below the top few centimeters of sediment.06.20.16Science Highlight

Work Together or Go It Alone? Microbes Are Split on the Answer

Microbes often evolve and work together to thrive in no oxygen situations, hinting at how carbon and energy flow just below soils and sediments. Read More »

In the BioEnergy Science Center, researcher examines a tray of Arabidopsis.06.20.16Science Highlight

How Does Your Garden Grow? Study Identifies Instigators of Plant Growth

Identifying enzyme instigators will speed the ability to manipulate plant cell wall structures for renewable feedstocks. Read More »

Bubbly white ice makes up the bulk of the glacier surfaces, suggesting internal melting may lead to substantial mass loss.06.20.16Science Highlight

Understanding Ice Loss in Earth’s Coldest Regions

Glaciers in cold, dry ecosystems respond differently to changes in climate than glaciers in warmer climates. Read More »

The microbe Clostridium thermocellum (stained green) is seen growing on poplar tissue.06.20.16Science Highlight

New Understanding of One of Nature’s Best Biocatalysts for Biofuels Production

Discovery of a new enzyme system sheds further light on a microbe’s ability to efficiently break down inedible plant matter for conversion to biofuels and biobased chemicals. Read More »

Thermal properties of a black phosphorus nanoribbon were a factor of two different along two directions in the crystal structure.06.10.16Science Highlight

Keeping Cool with a Black Semiconductor

The orientation-dependent thermal properties of black phosphorous could be used to keep microchips cool and improve their efficiency. Read More »

Scientists achieved a seamless connection between two disparate materials: a graphene sheet and boron nitride nanotube, as depicted in the bottom overlay by a gray sheet and pink and purple tube.06.10.16Science Highlight

Working Better Together: Two Materials Defining the Future of High-Speed Electronics

Junctions between conductive graphene and insulating nanotubes could lead to faster electronics and computers. Read More »

Materials used for their mechanical strength employ a variety of toughening mechanisms.06.09.16Science Highlight

Can We Beat Mother Nature at Materials Design?

Scientists review how we are matching – or exceeding – nature’s ability to make strong, tough lightweight structural materials. Read More »

This artistically enhanced depiction shows an atom being hit by a strong rosette-shaped laser field (purple), ripping an electron (green) from the parent atom that then re-collides with the atom.06.09.16Science Highlight

Combining Electrons and Lasers to Create Designer Beams for Materials Research

Tabletop laser systems generate extreme ultraviolet probes will advance research towards a new generation of energy-conserving electronics. Read More »

Absorption of sunlight in silicon solar cells results in losses due to heat from “hot” photo-excited electrons.06.09.16Science Highlight

Taking on the Heat in Solar Cells: New Calculations Show Atomic Vibrations Hurt Efficiency

Theoretical modeling of energy loss in solar cells may lead to more efficient materials to convert sunlight to electricity. Read More »