Laboratory Science Highlights

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Researchers investigated the sensitivity of net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere to 16 parameters related to cloud and aerosol representations in the Community Atmosphere Model version Highlight

Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

New insights improve Community Atmosphere Model’s representation. Read More »

Palladium-nickel nanoparticles (top structural model) are synthesized and then exposed to reactive gases (lower right) while being probed with high-energy x-rays.03.01.15Science Highlight

Optimizing Atomic Neighborhoods for Speedier Chemical Reactions

Clusters with longer separations between atoms had enhanced catalytic activity. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Depiction of carbon nanotube (gray) inserted into a cell membrane, with a single strand of DNA (gold) passing through the nanotube.03.01.15Science Highlight

Spontaneous Formation of Biomimetic, Nanoporous Membrane Channels

Carbon nanotubes insert into artificial and active cell membranes, reproducing major features of biological channels. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).03.01.15Science Highlight

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »

Electron density distribution (indicated by both the blue and red, as areas of deficiency and excess of electrons, respectively) in barium iron arsenide for undoped/nonsuperconducting and doped/superconducting alloys.02.01.15Science Highlight

New Path to Loss-Free Electricity

Atomic-scale details of electron distribution reveal a novel mechanism for current to flow without energy loss. Read More »

Schematic image indicating the inferred intertwining of the superconducting wave function (green) with the envelope function (blue) for the atomic magnetism.02.01.15Science Highlight

Intertwining of Superconductivity and Magnetism

Coexistence of two states of matter that normally avoid one another is revealed by inelastic neutron scattering experiments. Read More »

A metamaterial that consists of a two-dimensional array of U-shaped gold structures (square background in the picture) efficiently emits terahertz frequency electromagnetic waves (red axis) when illuminated by a wavelength tunable near-infrared pump laser (blue axis).02.01.15Science Highlight

Metamaterials Shine Bright as New Terahertz Source

Discovery demonstrates how metamaterials may be used in non-invasive material imaging and sensing, and terahertz information technologies. Read More »

Crystal structure of the parent compound of a calcium-strontium-based cuprate superconductor [(Ca/Sr)2CuO3]...02.01.15Science Highlight

Predicting Magnetic Behavior in Copper Oxide Superconductors

New theoretical techniques predict experimental observations in superconducting materials. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...02.01.15Science Highlight

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

Last modified: 4/21/2016 11:36:54 AM