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Crystal structure of the parent compound of a calcium-strontium-based cuprate superconductor [(Ca/Sr)2CuO3]...February 2015Science Highlight

Predicting Magnetic Behavior in Copper Oxide Superconductors

New theoretical techniques predict experimental observations in superconducting materials. Read More »

Oxygen ions can zigzag or take a circular route (red arrows) through this metal oxide crystal made of strontium (green), chromium (blue), oxygen (red) atoms...February 2015Science Highlight

Bringing Order to Defects - Making Way for Oxygen to Move

New metal oxide material works at temperatures low enough to improve fuel cell efficiency. Read More »

A series of x-ray scattering images are taken at ultrafast time intervals with an x-ray laser after excitation with an infra-red source that energizes the vibrational modes of a Germanium crystal.January 2015Science Highlight

X-ray Laser Used to Produce Movies of Atomic-scale Motion

Stroboscopic x-ray pulses scatter from a vibrating crystal and reveal how energy moves. Read More »

This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on supercomputer models illustrates a new study about the inner workings of plant cell walls during bioenergy production.December 2014Science Highlight

Breaking Down the Mechanisms of Biomass Deconstruction

Study reveals insights into plant structural changes during bioenergy pretreatments. Read More »

Crop irrigation impacts the use and supply of freshwater around the world, and scientists are working to understand how these impacts may change over regions and time, especially under the influence of climate change.December 2014Science Highlight

Toward an Earth System Modeling Approach to Simulate Irrigation Effects

Land model improvements are enabling more realistic representations of the climate and hydrological consequences of crop irrigation. Read More »

During a 10-month ARM experiment in India’s Ganges Valley, instruments including a Doppler lidar (shown here) collected measurements of various atmospheric dynamics, cloud properties, and radiative transfer.December 2014Science Highlight

Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley

ARM study reveals surprising amount of light absorption by large aerosol particles. Read More »

Aerial view of homes inundated with water following a 2011 flood in Minot, N.D. Researchers have compared data from hundreds of catchment sites in the United States to better understand the relationship between annual water balance and flood frequency.December 2014Science Highlight

Determining Hydrological Controls on Flood Frequency

Study comparing data from hundreds of U.S. catchments could improve flood prediction. Read More »

Baohua Gu and colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a method to determine the total number of sulfur compounds called thiols on intact bacterial cells and natural organic matter.December 2014Science Highlight

New Tool for Studying Toxic Metals in the Environment

Method enables quantification of thiols on bacteria and natural organic matter. Read More »

Nanocrystals enable new electrically-controlled windows.October 2014Science Highlight

Smarter Smart Windows

Thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass can electrically control light and heat from sunlight as it passes through a window. Read More »

A fragment of the crystal structure of the new ice is shown where the oxygen atoms are blue and the molecular hydrogen atoms pink.October 2014Science Highlight

Inside Ice Under High Pressure

New insights from neutron diffraction reveal changes to atomic structure. Read More »