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The image on the left shows the general shape of a cubic CeO2 nanoparticle.05.01.15Science Highlight

One Nanocrystal, Many Faces: Connecting the Atomic Surface Structures of CeO2 Nanocrystals to Catalysis

Imaging of cerium oxide nanocrystals provides new insights into the different behaviors of catalyst for emission control, other uses. Read More »

Hot nanowires emit lattice vibrations known as phonons into underlying materials. When closely packed, phonon collisions can more efficiently transport heat away.05.01.15Science Highlight

Staying Close and Keeping Cool

Hot nanostructures cool faster when they are physically close together. Read More »

The new patent includes a compact programmable NANOrotator that allows the fabrication of “smart” tips.04.01.15Science Highlight

Chemical Fingerprinting of Materials Takes More Than Just a Dab of Ink

Researchers patent new x-ray microscopy technology to “see” both the chemical and physical aspects of materials. Read More »

Depiction of carbon nanotube (gray) inserted into a cell membrane, with a single strand of DNA (gold) passing through the nanotube.03.01.15Science Highlight

Spontaneous Formation of Biomimetic, Nanoporous Membrane Channels

Carbon nanotubes insert into artificial and active cell membranes, reproducing major features of biological channels. Read More »

Palladium-nickel nanoparticles (top structural model) are synthesized and then exposed to reactive gases (lower right) while being probed with high-energy x-rays.03.01.15Science Highlight

Optimizing Atomic Neighborhoods for Speedier Chemical Reactions

Clusters with longer separations between atoms had enhanced catalytic activity. Read More »

Researchers investigated the sensitivity of net radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere to 16 parameters related to cloud and aerosol representations in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5.03.01.15Science Highlight

Examining How Radiative Fluxes Are Affected by Cloud and Particle Characteristics

New insights improve Community Atmosphere Model’s representation. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »

Changes in the crystal structure and electronic properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) occur during its insulator-to-metal phase transition (V blue; O red).03.01.15Science Highlight

Insulator-to-Metal Transition of Vanadium Dioxide

New studies explain the transition, providing a quantitative picture of a 50-year-old mystery. Read More »

Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.03.01.15Science Highlight

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

A glacier in eastern Greenland flows through a long and narrow valley carved by the movement of ice.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Method Relates Greenland Ice Sheet Changes to Sea-Level Rise

Modeling approach includes the effects of ice sheet elevation and region. Read More »