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A fragment of the crystal structure of the new ice is shown where the oxygen atoms are blue and the molecular hydrogen atoms pink.10.01.14Science Highlight

Inside Ice Under High Pressure

New insights from neutron diffraction reveal changes to atomic structure. Read More »

AFM micrograph of the muscovite (001) basal plane showing PuO2 nanoparticles after overnight exposure to 2 mM Pu(III) in 100 mM NaCl at pH 2.6 (image range: 200 nm×200 nm).10.01.14Science Highlight

Surface-Mediated Formation of Plutonium Nanoparticles

Researchers observe metal-trapping on mineral surfaces. Read More »

Methane emissions estimated in a recent study (A) and compared against the commonly used Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) 4.2 inventory (B and C).07.01.14Science Highlight

Some U.S. Methane Sources May Be Larger than Previously Thought

Inventories underestimate emissions from fossil fuel industry and animal husbandry, study finds. Read More »

As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.07.01.14Science Highlight

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

Global distribution of black carbon in 2000 among eight different models, whose results diverged the most in polar regions.07.01.14Science Highlight

Understanding Soot’s Effect on Snow Reflectivity

Model comparison evaluates black carbon levels and impacts. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to better predict the impact of ice sheet melting in Greenland under a changing climate.07.01.14Science Highlight

Greenland Ice Sheet “Sliding” a Small Contributor to Future Sea-Level Rise

Modeling experiments assess impacts of key melting behavior. Read More »

A new modeling approach suggests that boreal forests, such as this one in Quebec, Canada, will shift north with warming and lose more carbon than previously expected.07.01.14Science Highlight

Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models

New method predicts how climates will move as temperatures rise. Read More »

Using fluorescence microscopy, researchers observed the location of annexin A2 protein within cells under normal conditions (left) and after irradiation (right), which caused a majority of the proteins to relocate to the nucleus.07.01.14Science Highlight

Cell Signaling Responses to Low-Dose Radiation

Study shows protein moves to nucleus, helps irradiated cells survive. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.07.01.14Science Highlight

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

Researchers are studying how bacteria transform mercury into a toxic form in the environment that can accumulate in the food web, posing a threat to wildlife and people.07.01.14Science Highlight

Multiple Species of Bacteria Convert Elemental Mercury to Toxic Methylmercury

New insights could assist in cleanup of contaminated environments. Read More »