Science Headlines

04.18.16From the Labs

New Paper Examines Hydrogen at High PressureExternal link

A team at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory outlines how they used X-rays to look into the interior of a hydrogen target, looking for free electrons to appear in high pressure shock waves formed when hydrogen is shot with a high-energy laser beam. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.18.16From the Labs

'Odd Couple' Monolayer Semiconductors Align to Advance OptoelectronicsExternal link

A research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has shown that different lattice constants – for creating transistor and semiconductor substrates - can be grown together to form a perfectly aligned stacking bilayer material. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.14.16From the Labs

Elusive State of Superconducting Matter Discovered after 50 YearsExternal link

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cornell University, and collaborators have produced the first direct evidence of a state of electronic matter first predicted by theorists in 1964. The discovery, described in a paper published online April 13, 2016, in Nature, may provide key insights into the workings of high-temperature superconductors. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.13.16From the Labs

New "EA" Biomass Pretreatment Cuts Enzyme Use, Boosts Biofuel ProductionExternal link

Less input, more output. That’s the achievement of a new biomass pretreatment method that could help improve the economics of cellulosic biofuels, the second-generation biofuels made from grasses, wood, and the inedible parts of plants. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.13.16From the Labs

Critical Materials Institute Gains Ten Industrial and Research AffiliatesExternal link

The Critical Materials Institute, a U.S. Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory, has gained ten new affiliates to its research program, seeking ways to eliminate and reduce reliance on rare-earth metals and other materials critical to the success of clean energy technologies. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.12.16Announcement is Hosting New Interagency Microsites Listing STEM Education and Training Opportunities for Undergraduate and Graduate StudentsExternal link

The Department of Energy’s Office of Science has collaborated with other Federal agencies through the National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on STEM Education (CoSTEM) and the Alliance to establish two new interagency websites designed to connect undergraduate and graduate students with federally-sponsored education and training opportunities in STEM fields. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.11.16From the Labs

Ames Laboratory Physicists Discover New Type of Material That May Speed ComputingExternal link

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory have discovered a topological metal, PtSn4 (platinum and tin), with a unique electronic structure that may someday lead to energy efficient computers with increased processor speeds and data storage. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.08.16From the Labs

New Magnetism Research Brings High-Temp Superconductivity Applications CloserExternal link

A research team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory has discovered that only half the atoms in some iron-based superconductors are magnetic, providing a conclusive demonstration of the wave-like properties of metallic magnetism in these materials. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.08.16User Facility

Multiyear Simulation Study Provides Breakthrough in Membrane Protein ResearchExternal link

The research team of Benoît Roux, a professor in the University of Chicago’s Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and a senior scientist in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials recently concluded a three-year Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) project at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, to understand how P-type ATPase ion pumps—an important class of membrane transport proteins—operate. Read MoreExternal linkage

04.07.16User Facility

ORNL Tracks How Halogen Atoms Compete to Grow ‘Winning’ PerovskitesExternal link

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a potential path to further improve solar cell efficiency by understanding the competition among halogen atoms during the synthesis of sunlight-absorbing crystals. Read MoreExternal linkage