NP Early Career Opportunities

NP Early Career Opportunities Archives

Recipients Which Nuclear Physics Awarded Funds: (Archive)

Year Name Laboratory Brief Description

2014

Lisa Kaufman

Indiana University

Neutrinoless double beta decay could occur if an atomic nucleus decays radioactively by emitting only two electrons, in contrast to the ordinary double beta decay in which two neutrinos emerge as well. Observation of this exotic decay mode would provide evidence that neutrinos are their own anti‐particles, and that the symmetry of lepton number conservation is violated. Its observation would also provide strong experimental guidance for theories that go beyond the Standard Model, yielding insights into the origin of neutrino mass and the unexplained excess of matter over antimatter in the observable universe. The goal of this research is to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in the context of the Enriched Xenon Observatory experiment both in its current form (EXO‐200), as well as in its next phase (nEXO or “next EXO”).

2014

Wei Li

William Marsh Rice University

In relativistic heavy‐ion collisions, a new state of hot and dense matter with quarks and gluons freed from the protons and neutrons into which they are normally bound is created as predicted by the theory of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The most striking feature of this quark‐gluon plasma (QGP) matter is the evident flow of particles out of the collisions. Previously thought to only be possible in nucleus-nucleus collisions, evidence of flow in proton-proton (pp) and proton-lead (pPb) collisions has been recently discovered.  The proposed research will explore the properties of particle flow in pp and pPb collisions in detail to explore the possibility that a QGP may be formed in such light systems.

2014

Bjoern P. Schenke

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Most of the visible matter in our universe is located in the nuclei of atoms. Our goal is to gain deeper understanding of nuclear matter and its interactions governed by the theory of quantum chromo‐dynamics (QCD). Nuclear collisions performed at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can probe the structure of nuclei and create a novel state of matter, the Quark‐Gluon‐Plasma (QGP). Its properties include almost perfect fluidity, opaqueness to highly energetic jets, and long‐range correlations between produced particles. A detailed physical understanding of these fascinating properties and extraction of quantitative information from experimental data requires a complete theoretical description of the produced system and its space‐time evolution.

2014

André Walker-Loud

The College of William and Mary

…to establish a systematic framework for parity violation in few-nucleon systems by analyzing interactions between quarks, calculating reliable and testable relations between observables in light nuclei, and establishing extensions to more complex nuclei.  The project will support and guide ongoing and planned experimental efforts in parity violation at various facilities.

2013

Jason Detwiler

University of Washington

Participation in research with the Majarona Demonstrator project to search for  neutrinoless double beta decay.  Coordination of data analysis and simulations efforts as well as studies with test equipment to further understand crucial background in the experiment.

2013

William Detmold

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

…to extend the numerical techniques of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics (LQCD), applied successfully to individual hadrons, to the more intricate dynamics of complex nuclei of increasing mass number, as far as possible.  This includes direct calculations of the spectrum of light nuclei from the Standard Model, studies of hyperon-nucleon interactions and three-neutron interactions via LQCD, and the study of the sensitivity of nuclear physics to the parameters of the Standard Model.

2013

Carla Frohlich

North Carolina State University

…to advance the theoretical understanding of the origin of the heavy elements via detailed modeling of nucleosynthesis in core collapse supernovae.  A particular focus of attention is the interaction of supernova ejecta with the neutrinos emanating from the explosion.  The model aims to include the microphysics and neutrino processes, while remaining computationally efficient.   

2013

Gabriel Orebi Gann

University of California/Berkeley

Research with the Sno+ detector to investigate neutrinoless double beta decay and the study of neutrinos from the sun and other sources.  New techniques to perform calibrations essential to improve the detector performance will be pursued.

2013

Matthias Schindler

University of South Carolina

…to establish a systematic framework for parity violation in few-nucleon systems by analyzing interactions between quarks, calculating reliable and testable relations between observables in light nuclei, and establishing extensions to more complex nuclei.  The project will support and guide ongoing and planned experimental efforts in parity violation at various facilities.

2013

Gaute Hagen

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

…to carry out state-of-the-art microscopic calculations of electroweak processes and decays in nuclei, and to address the long-standing open problem of quantifying uncertainties of weak observables in nuclei starting from optimized interactions and currents from chiral effective field theory.  By addressing key nuclei in neutrinoless double beta decay, at rare isotope facilities, and in astrophysics, successful completion of this project is likely to have strong impact in several areas of NP supported nuclear physics research. 

2013

Marian Jandel

Los Alamos National Laboratory

New techniques will be utilized to perform significantly more precise measurements of neutron capture and neutron-induced fission reactions on actinides and other isotopes important to basic and applied nuclear science.

2013

Lijuan Ruan

Brookhaven National Laboratory

The study of fundamental properties of the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP), including temperature, density profile, and color screening length via the
detection of di-leptons.  The measurements rely on a new detector for muons and the project includes work to bring that detector online for physics.

2013

Mike Williams

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Research with the GLUEX detector at Thomas Jefferson National Lab.  In addition to physics analyses novel algorithms for triggering the detector will be pursued and opportunities for improved particle identification essential for the program will be explored.

2012

Silviu Covrig

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to the study of the thermal response of liquid hydrogen targets in intense electron beams during experiments on parity violating electron scattering (PVES) at Halls A and C at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (TJNAF).

2012

Chris Crawford

University of Kentucky

Support for experimental work on fundamental neutron physics at the SNS: Development of prototype precision magnets required for the neutron electric dipole moment experiment nEDM; data-taking and analysis for the pion-nucleon weak coupling experiment NPDgamma; construction and testing of a data acquisition system for the neutron beta decay experiment Nab.

2012

Huaiyu Duan

University of New Mexico

…inputs from supernova simulations, the project will perform large-scale numerical simulations of neutrino oscillations in supernovae, and investigate the potential impacts of neutrino oscillations on supernova physics.  This will contribute to solving an important piece of the supernova puzzle and help answering fundamental questions, such as the origin of the elements.

2012

Charles Folden

Texas A&M University

Studies of the production processes of heavy transactinide elements; development of new techniques for the characterization of the chemical properties of these elements. Application of these techniques to transactinide homologues  and to superheavy elements 113-115.

2012

Daniel Kasen

University of California/Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Numerical modeling of astrophysical explosions, with a focus on radiation transport and its role in the supernova explosion mechanism, r-process nucleosynthesis, and observable spectra and light curves.  3D simulations of core collapse supernovae and neutron star mergers will be carried out using recent advances in high-performance computing.

2012

Steven Pain

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Direct reaction measurements of unstable nuclei with significantly increased sensitivity, to better determine the trends in nuclear properties with proton and neutron number, and to clarify the role of exotic nuclei in energy production and nucleosynthesis in supernovae.  Specific goals include improved energy resolution, determination of decay modes of populated states and studying their use in surrogate reactions studies, and exploring the transition from single-particle to collective modes far from nuclear shell closures.

2012

Paul Romatschke

University of Colorado

To model the initial phase of a heavy ion collision by numerically simulating a related gravitational problem using the AdS-CFT correspondence. Rigorous calculations are proposed in the context of the model to provide orientation for experimental studies of both central and non-central collisions.

2012

Ivan Vitev

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Theoretical studies in heavy ion collisions, including:  Studies of jet production and evolution beyond leading and sub-leading particles; use of jets as probes of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP); identifying experimental observables that can differentiate between competing descriptions of jet modifications.  Reducing uncertainties in QGP properties such as its density and transport coefficients.

2011

Jozef Dudek

Old Dominion University

Investigate the physics of the light meson spectrum using a novel combination of numerical lattice quantum chromodynamics and phenomenological modeling, leading to predictions of meson photoproduction with the GlueX experiment at 12 GeV.

2011

Paolo Ferracin

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Demonstrate the feasibility of fourth generation Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) ion sources by designing, fabricating, and testing a magnet system based on NB3Sn superconducting sextupole coils, NbTi solenoid coils, and an aluminum shell pre-tensioned with water pressurized bladders.  For the first time, the shell-based concept will be adapted to the combined solenoid-sextupole configuration of an ECR ion source.

2011

James Kneller

North Carolina State University

Improve the understanding of flavor transformation in hot and dense environments through construction of new calculational approaches to the problem of neutrino propagation in media where neutrino-neutrino interactions are important; simulate signals of a Galactic supernovae neutrino burst in current and future neutrino detectors; and study the simulated signals to determine the ability to extract information on the missing neutrino mixing parameters and the dynamics of the supernova explosion.

2011

Suzanne Lapi

Washington University

Measure relevant nuclear cross sections, develop solid targetry systems, and develop processing systems to enable the in-house capability to routinely produce 99mTc for nuclear medicine patient procedures and recycle the enriched target material, and to translate this capability to other nuclear medicine departments.

2011

Daniel Melconian

Texas A&M University

Probe the electroweak interaction and look for new physics beyond the standard electroweak model; study a new class of superallowed transitions that study possible corrections to existing results, thereby increasing their accuracy to make more stringent tests of the Standard Model.

2011

Peter Mueller

Argonne National Laboratory

Precision study of the 6He beta decay by confining neutral 6He atoms in a laser trap and measuring the beta-neutrino angular correlation through coincidence detection of the beta-particle and the recoiling 6Li ion; provides a precision test of the Standard Model of electro-weak interactions which predicts the 6He decay to be governed by pure axial-vector couplings.

2011

Sofia Quaglioni

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Develop a comprehensive approach leading to a fundamental description of light nuclei, describing both their structure and their reactions, leading to an accurate description of reaction between light ions in a thermonuclear environment, such as stellar interiors or a terrestrial fusion facility.  This approach will incorporate the three body force in nuclear reactions.

2010

Daniel Bardayan

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2010

Michael Kohl

Hampton University

Upgrade and utilize the Time Reversal Experiment with Kaons (TREK) at J-PARC (Japan) to measure the T-violating transverse muon polarization in decays of stopped charged kaons as a sensitive search for new physics beyond the Standard Model.

2010

Christina Markert

University of texas

Utlize A Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE) Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMCal) at the LHC to measure partonic lifetime on the medium formed in lead-lead collisions, determine chiral symmetry restoration in heavy ion collisions through measurements of resonances in jets, measure quark scaling to distinguish resonance formation from partonic and hadronic coalescence, and measure baryonic-to-mesonic resonance ratios to study possible gluon splitting in partonic media.

2010

Denes Molnar

Purdue University

Develop and apply theoretical approaches and tools to study the early thermalization of the quark-gluon plasma, including radiative and hadron transport, hydrodynamics; and compute essential heavy-ion observables to constrain the equation of state and viscosity of hot, dense nuclear matter.

2010

Benjamin Monreal

University of California

Participate in the KATRIN collaboration (build key calibration systems) to measure the kinematic endpoint of tritium beta decay to measure or limit the electron neutrino mass; and conduct R&D, build testbed experiments, do simulations, and design a new type of tritium endpoint experiment (utilizing electron microwave emission in a strong magnetic field) with 0.05 eV neutrino mass sensitivity.

2010

Tsuyoshi Tajima

Los Alamos National Laboratory

To produce a prototype multi-cell Superconducting Radiofrequency cavity that generates an accelerating gradient on 100 MV/m or higher with a quality factor of 2E+10 or higher, utilizing thing film technology to improve the substrate Nb surface, developing an adequate coating technique, measuring the RF critical fields, developing a technique to coat cavities, and fabricate and test prototype cavities.

2010

Xiaochao Zheng

University of Virginia

Measure parity-violating asymmetry in polarized electron—deuteron deep inelastic scattering to provide the first precision data on the axial quark neutral-current coupling constants to test the Standard Model; to test the limits of quantum chromodynamics in describing the nucleon spin structure using 11 GeV beams on a polarized Helium-3 target.

2010

Feng Yuan

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

To apply perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics theory to extract relevant non-perturbative nucleon structure from various experiments, focusing on the difference and relevance in proton spin rules, transverse spin phenomena, gluon saturation and its effects on transverse momentum dependent quark distribution, and the associated factorization properties.

2008 Gianluigi Ciovati Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
 
...for his work on the dependence of cavity Q-value on accelerating gradient and the causes of degradation of Q-value at higher gradients that is making a significant impact on the international superconducting accelerator applications community; and for outstanding mentoring of graduate students.
2008 Paul Sorensen Brookhaven National Laboratory ...for original research demonstrating quark number scaling in the elliptic flow of hadrons in nucleus-nucleus collisions that together with theoretical studies indicated the formation of a new form of matter - the strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma; and for service on the governing council of the STAR experiment.
2008 Ivan Vitev Los Alamos National Laboratory ...for seminal theoretical research on energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma, providing clear insights on crucial properties of the high energy-density regime of quantum chromodynamics as explored at the Department of Energy’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider facility; and for the organization of international physics workshops and colloquia.
2007 Mickey Chiu Brookhaven National Laboratory ...For developing the use of neutral pions to identify hot, dense nuclear matter and to study transverse proton spin asymmetries; and for mentoring of graduate students in building advanced instrumentation.
2005 Daniel Bardayan Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...for innovative precision nuclear spectroscopy measurements clarifying the production of elements and radioisotopes in exploding stars, and for mentoring undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral associates as well as organizing a summer school for graduate students to explore exotic beam physics.
2004 John Arrington Argonne National Laboratory ...for his research into the quark distributions of nuclei which has provided a compelling new look into the short-range structure of nuclei
2004 Zhangbu Xu Brookhaven National Laboratory ...for his research techniques and technical developments applied to the search for a new state of matter at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, a world-class accelerator for nuclear physics
2003 Saskia Mioduszewski Brookhaven National Laboratory ...for her studies of the properties of the unusual matter formed in extremely high-energy nuclear collisions produced at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.
2002 Jeffrey C. Blackmon Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...for his pioneering work in implementing a program of measurements at the ORNL Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility with radioactive nuclear beams to understand stellar explosions.
2001 Vincent Cianciolo Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...for developing a scientific program and detector instrumentation for experiments at the Brookhaven National Laboratory to understand the existence of quark-gluon plasma
2000 Zheng-Tian Lu Argonne National Laboratory ...for the development of the Atom Trap Trace Analysis technique which has provided a powerful new tool for ultra-sensitive trace isotope analysis in fundamental research and technological applications
1998 Anthony Mezzacappa   ...for his work identifying the explosive mechanism of core-collapse and associated nucleosynthesis in supernovae
1997 David J. Dean Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...for his research in nuclear structure physics and critical contributions to the development of the Shell Model Monte Carlo methods,  making possible the extension of shell model calculations to heavier nuclei
1996 Michael Smith Oak Ridge National Laboratory ...for establishing an astrophysics program at the first facility devoted fully to radioactive ion beam physics, and for contributing to the collection and evaluation of nuclear reaction data applicable to astrophysics phenomena

Outstanding Junior Investigator Program:

The Outstanding Junior Investigator Program has been supplanted by the SC Early Career Research Program. However, through FY 2009, the Office of Nuclear Physics invited grant applications for support under the Outstanding Junior Investigator (OJI) Program in nuclear physics. This program supported the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers.

Recipients of awards: 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000

Year: 2009
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
William Detmold College of William & Mary Nuclear Theory None
  OJI Title:  Multi-Meson Systems in Lattice QCD
Katherine L. Grzywacz-Jones University of Tennessee Nuclear Structure None
  OJI Title: Spectroscopic Studies Close to 100Sn and 132Sn Using Direct Reactions and Gamma-Ray Measurements
Anna Stasto Pennsylvania State University Nuclear Theory None
  OJI Title: QCD Description of Hadronic Interactions at High Energies
 
Year: 2008
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Alexandra Gade Michigan State University Nuclear Structure None
  OJI Title: Study of Correlation Effects in Nuclei at the Limit of Stability
Karsten Heeger University of Wisconsin, Madison Fundamental Symmetries http://www. physics. wisc.edu/ people/ faculty/kheeger/External link
  OJI Title: Measurement of Neutrino Properties With Bolometric Detectors
Bradley Plaster University of Kentucky Hadronic Physics http://www.pa. uky.edu/bios/ Plaster.htmlExternal link
  OJI Title: Fundamental Electroweak and Hadronic Physics Studies of the Neutron
 
Year: 2007
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Konstantinos Orginos College of William and Mary Theory http://andros.   physics. wm.edu/ ~kostas/External link
   OJI Title: Nuclear Physics from Lattice QCD
Thomas Papenbrock University of Tennessee Theory http://www.phy. ornl. gov/theory/  papenbro/ papenbro.htmlExternal link
  OJI Title: Structure of Rare Isotopes
Kent Paschke University of Virginia Hadronic Physics http://www.phys. virginia.edu/   People/ personal. asp?UID=kdp2cExternal link
  OJI Title: Precision Electroweak Studies at Low Q2 Using Parity-Violating Electron-Scattering
Derek Teaney Arkansas State University Theory http:// chemistryand physics. astate. edu/teaney/External link
  OJI Title: Establishing the Transport Properties of QCD with Heavy Ion Reactions
 
Year: 2006
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Sean Fleming University of Arizona Theory http://www. physics. arizona.edu/ ~fleming/External link
  OJI Title: Effective Field Theories and Strong Interactions
Joseph Formaggio MIT Low Energy http://web.mit. edu/physics/ people/faculty/ formaggio _ joseph. htmlExternal link
  OJI Title: Probing the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale with the Next Generation Tritium Beta Decay Experiment
Michael Zingale Stony Brook Theory http://www.astro. sunysb.edu/ mzingale/External link
  OJI Title: Multidimensional Modeling of Astrophysical Thermonuclear Explosions
 
Year: 2005
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Mark Alford Washington University Theory http://wuphys. wustl.edu/ ~alford/
high_density.htmlExternal link
 
  OJI Title: Color Superconductivity in High-Density Quark Matter 
Yuri Kovchegov Ohio State University Theory http://www. physics. ohio- state.  edu/~yuri/External link
  OJI Title: High Energy QCD
Thomas Mehen Duke University Theory http://www.phy. duke.edu/ ~mehenExternal link
  OJI Title: Heavy Quarks, QCD, and Effective Field Theory
 
Year: 2004
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Joshua R. Klein University of Texas Experimental None
  OJI Title: Search for the MSW Effect and Other New Physics with the Boron-8 Solar Neutrino Spectrum
Norbert Pietralla Stony Brook University Experimental None
  OJI Title: Nuclear Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy at the Limit of Particle Spectroscopy
Julia Velkovska Vanderbilt University Experimental http://www.hep. vanderbilt. edu/~julia/ index.htmlExternal link
  OJI Title:  Multi-Gap Resistive Plate Chambers as a Time-of-Flight System for PHENIX
 
Year: 2003
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Steffen Bass Duke University Theory http://www.phy. duke. edu/ ~bass/External link
  OJI Title:  Modeling and Analysis of Ultra Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions
Shailesh Chandrasekharan Duke University Theory http://www.phy. duke.edu/ ~sch/External link
  OJI Title:  Towards the Chiral Limit in QCD
Iain Stewart MIT Theory None
  OJI Title: Unraveling the Structure of Hadrons with Effective Field Theories of QCD
Nilanga Liyanage University of Virginia Experimental http://www.phys. virginia. edu/  People/ personal. asp? UID=nl8nExternal link
  OJI Title:  Study of Neutron Spin Structure Using Jefferson Lab Hall A Polarized 3HE Target
 
Year: 2002
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Gail McLaughlin N. Carolina State Univ. Theory None
  OJI Title:  Physics of Supernovae and Gamma Ray Bursts: Weak Interactions and Element Synthesis
Daniel R. Phillips Ohio University Theory http://www.phy. ohiou.edu/ people/ faculty/ phillips.htmlExternal link
   OJI Title: Few Nucleon Systems in the Laboratory, Supernovae and the Cosmos
Thomas M. Schaefer Stony Brook University Theory None
  OJI Title: QCD, Hadrons, and Matter Under Extreme Conditions
Fuqiang Wang Purdue University Experimental http://www.physics. purdue.edu/ faculty/wang/External link
    OJI Title:  Systematic Studies of Heavy Ion Collisions to Search for the Quark-Gluon Plasma
Ingo Wiendenhoever Florida State University Experimental None
  OJI Title:  Spectroscopy of Resonances in the Astrophysical
 
Year: 2001
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution
 Where
Awarded
Research Category PI's Home Page
Gunther Roland MIT Experimental None
  OJI Title: Event-by-Event Physics with the PHOBOS Detector at RHIC
Michael Romalis Univ. of Washington Experimental None
  OJI Title: Search for a Permanent Electric Dipole Moment in Liquid 129Xe
Mikhail Stephanov Univ. of Illinois Theory None
  OJI Title: Dense and Baryon-Rich Matter
Ubirajara
Van Kolck 
Univ. of Arizona Theory None
  OJI Title: Effective Theories of the Strong Interaction
Year: 2000
Principal Investigator (PI) Institution Where Awarded Research Category PI's Home Page
Todd Averett College of William and Mary Experimental None
  OJI Title:  Neutron Structure Studies Using Polarized Helium-3
Haiyan Gao MIT Experimental None
   OJI Title:  A Novel Laser-Driven Polarized H/D Internal Gas Target 
  Columbia University Experimental None
  OJI Title: A Level-2 Trigger for Di- Measurements in the PHENIX at RHIC
Yong-Zhong Qian Univ. of Minnesota Theory None
   OJI Title:  Nuclear Physics of Core -Collapse Supernovae
Dam Thanh Son Columbia University Theory None
  OJI Title:  Matter in Extreme Conditions

Last modified: 5/13/2015 12:18:47 PM