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Supercomputers could help speed up the drug discovery process by identifying suitable chemicals (seen as gray spheres)October 2012Science Highlights

Designing Drugs on Supercomputers

Researchers use Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to accelerate drug discovery. Read More »

Using a molecular template before atomic layer deposition leads to cavities in thin oxide films that act as shape-selective sieving layers for oxidations and reductions.October 2012Science Highlights

Adding Nanocavities to Catalyst Surfaces Enhances Chemical Selectivity

Adding an oxide sieve, a layer containing nanocavities, to a catalyst surface makes the catalyst selective for specific reactions and increases efficiencies for chemical processes. Read More »

Electron momentum energy map of an oxygen (O2) moleculeOctober 2012Science Highlights

The Dance of Atoms in Molecules Captured in Ultrafast Time

The first real-time images of two atoms vibrating in a molecule have been captured using a technique called laser-induced electron diffraction. Read More »

A newly developed map of the poplar proteome gives researchers a glimpse into the tree’s biological processes, knowledge that could improve its performance as a bioenergy feedstock.October 2012Science Highlights

Mapping Poplar Tree Proteins

Proteome atlas offers new view of bioenergy crop’s molecular machinery. Read More »

To better understand solar radiation effects in mountainous regions, scientists have incorporated three-dimensional inputs into climate simulations examining the Sierra Nevadas, including Mount Whitney (pictured).October 2012Science Highlights

Accounting for Mountain Topography in Climate Models

3D simulation shows mountain impacts on surface solar fluxes. Read More »

Nevada desert Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) Facility.October 2012Science Highlights

Impacts of Climate Change on Photosynthetic Microbes in Arid Ecosystems

Researchers find that ten years of controlled CO2 elevation on desert microbes had deleterious effects. Read More »

Transmission electron micrograph of a section of Prochlorococcus marinus SS120 from Bryant, D.October 2012Science Highlights

Marine Microbial Ecosystems: Not as Simple as Once Thought

Low abundance microbes may do more than their share of carbon cycling in the ocean. Read More »

In this image, representative sea surface temperature anomalies, characteristic of La Niña, are plotted for the early August, 2010.October 2012Science Highlights

Predicting the Impact of El Niño on Future Temperature Extremes

Accurate prediction of El Niño-Southern Oscillation is crucial for simulating extreme maximum temperature. Read More »

The 3D helical structure in the core of the plasma is revealed in the measurements of...October 2012Science Highlights

A New Twist on the Magnetic Equilibrium of a Toroidal Plasma

The reversed field pinch’s helical state reveals nonlinear physics of plasma self-organization. Read More »

The Magnetic Recoil Neutron Spectrometer on the OMEGA laser facility during operation.October 2012Science Highlights

Using Nuclear Fusion Reactions to Peer Inside the Core of a Dense Hot Plasma

Studies of different fusion reactions have shown unexpected plasma behavior in inertial fusion implosions. Read More »