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The Community Land Model explicitly simulates microbial-driven soil carbon cycling in aboveground, surface, and subsurface soil horizons.07.01.14Science Highlight

From Microbes to Global Carbon Models

Understanding microbial community processes improves predictions of soil carbon dynamics. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.07.01.14Science Highlight

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

Protein production occurs in two basic steps: transcription and translation.07.01.14Science Highlight

Recoding of Bacterial Genome Produces Proteins with New Functions

Altered stop codon allows E. coli strain to incorporate nonstandard amino acids. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.07.01.14Science Highlight

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

Clouds drift over the coastline outcroppings of Graciosa Island where Atmospheric Radiation Measurement observations were collected for 19 months and used to improve precipitation errors in global climate models.07.01.14Science Highlight

ARM Data Help Improve Precipitation in Global Climate Models

Cloud, radiation, and drizzle measurements lead to better simulations. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.07.01.14Science Highlight

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Phytoplankton known as coccolithophores bloom in the Barents Sea north of Russia, their scales giving off a bright green glow.07.01.14Science Highlight

Genomic Sequence of a Marine Blooming Alga

Genome variability helps explain why Emiliania huxleyi canflourish in diverse ocean habitats. Read More »

Researchers are genetically engineering microorganisms to produce high-energy biofuels that can directly replace petroleum in existing engines.07.01.14Science Highlight

Higher Yields of Advanced Biofuels from Genetically Engineered Yeast

Strains produce “drop-in” fuels and chemicals derived from fatty acids. Read More »

An assessment of the ability of climate models to simulate clouds shows that newer models are better aligning with cloud satellite observations.07.01.14Science Highlight

Improved Climate Model Simulations of Clouds

New models show reduction in bias associated with too many highly reflective clouds. Read More »

Methane emissions estimated in a recent study (A) and compared against the commonly used Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) 4.2 inventory (B and C).07.01.14Science Highlight

Some U.S. Methane Sources May Be Larger than Previously Thought

Inventories underestimate emissions from fossil fuel industry and animal husbandry, study finds. Read More »