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Potential biomass collection areas for cellulosic biorefineries within 10 Midwest states.January 2013Science Highlights

Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels

Assessment shows Midwest could support biomass production while benefiting climate. Read More »

Image from Nuccio, E.E., et al. “An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus significantly modifies the soil bacterial community and nitrogen cycling during litter decomposition.”January 2013Science Highlights

Plants, Fungi, and Microbes Working Together in Nature

Study examines impact of symbiosis on soil processes and nutrient cycling. Read More »

With increasing hydration within the interlayer space of the initially disordered lipid membranes, lateral layer-by-layer phase separation begins.December 2012Science Highlights

The Medium Matters

Long-range, three-dimensional alignment and stacking of multiple regions within biologically derived membranes. Read More »

Electrochemical cell for splitting carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide and oxygen.December 2012Science Highlights

Two for the Price of One: Water and Carbon Dioxide Splitting via a Single Catalyst

A simple, robust catalyst is capable of both water oxidation and carbon dioxide splitting, two difficult yet key reactions for solar energy conversion. Read More »

Inelastic neutron scattering of high-quality single-crystal samples of the mineral ZnCu3(OD)6Cl2.December 2012Science Highlights

Experimental Confirmation of a New State of Magnetism Previously Predicted by Theory

This observation paves the way for a deeper understanding of high-temperature superconductivity and future applications for quantum computing. Read More »

DOE researchers are using a coupled ice-ocean model to study melt channels beneath Greenland’s Petermann Glacier, shown here in July 2012.December 2012Science Highlights

Melting Ice Sheets and Sea Level Change

Recent studies reveal that complex ice-ocean interactions affect melting. Read More »

The composition of solvents, such as chloroform and toluene, during nanoparticle fabrication can alter the internal aggregate structure of polymer P3HT...November 2012Science Highlights

Bridging the Nano-World and the Real World in Polymer Solar Cells

Discovering how polymer organization on the molecular level affects electric charge movement in organic solar cells. Read More »

Supercomputers could help speed up the drug discovery process by identifying suitable chemicals (seen as gray spheres)October 2012Science Highlights

Designing Drugs on Supercomputers

Researchers use Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to accelerate drug discovery. Read More »

Using a molecular template before atomic layer deposition leads to cavities in thin oxide films that act as shape-selective sieving layers for oxidations and reductions.October 2012Science Highlights

Adding Nanocavities to Catalyst Surfaces Enhances Chemical Selectivity

Adding an oxide sieve, a layer containing nanocavities, to a catalyst surface makes the catalyst selective for specific reactions and increases efficiencies for chemical processes. Read More »

Electron momentum energy map of an oxygen (O2) moleculeOctober 2012Science Highlights

The Dance of Atoms in Molecules Captured in Ultrafast Time

The first real-time images of two atoms vibrating in a molecule have been captured using a technique called laser-induced electron diffraction. Read More »

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