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The image on the left shows the general shape of a cubic CeO2 nanoparticle.05.01.15Science Highlight

One Nanocrystal, Many Faces: Connecting the Atomic Surface Structures of CeO2 Nanocrystals to Catalysis

Imaging of cerium oxide nanocrystals provides new insights into the different behaviors of catalyst for emission control, other uses. Read More »

Schematic view of the chlorine (Cl) addition - hydrochloric acid (HCl) elimination reaction with isobutene.05.01.15Science Highlight

Roaming Dynamics in Bimolecular Reactions

Study reveals peculiar mechanism of radical addition-elimination, enabling more accurate modeling of combustion and other reactions. Read More »

Hot nanowires emit lattice vibrations known as phonons into underlying materials. When closely packed, phonon collisions can more efficiently transport heat away.05.01.15Science Highlight

Staying Close and Keeping Cool

Hot nanostructures cool faster when they are physically close together. Read More »

Map of carbon dioxide dissolution across the Bravo Dome gas field.04.01.15Science Highlight

Carbon Sequestration in New Mexico’s Bravo Dome

Study of natural reservoir provides new clues for the long-term viability of geological carbon dioxide storage. Read More »

Depiction of carbon nanotube (gray) inserted into a cell membrane, with a single strand of DNA (gold) passing through the nanotube.03.01.15Science Highlight

Spontaneous Formation of Biomimetic, Nanoporous Membrane Channels

Carbon nanotubes insert into artificial and active cell membranes, reproducing major features of biological channels. Read More »

Palladium-nickel nanoparticles (top structural model) are synthesized and then exposed to reactive gases (lower right) while being probed with high-energy x-rays.03.01.15Science Highlight

Optimizing Atomic Neighborhoods for Speedier Chemical Reactions

Clusters with longer separations between atoms had enhanced catalytic activity. Read More »

Researchers have combined measurements of plant production, bacterial and fungal carbon decomposition, and soil carbon stocks to study the effects of rising carbon dioxide on long-term carbon storage in soils.03.01.15Science Highlight

Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Limits Soil Storage

Study finds that soil carbon may not be as stable as previously thought. Read More »

Climate researchers are studying ways to more accurately model the Madden-Julian Oscillation, a large-scale atmospheric circulation pattern associated with rainfall and drought across the tropics, including Indonesia, (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Heat’s Role in the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Study shows low-level atmospheric heating is critical for realistic MJO simulations. Read More »

In the Community Land Model with coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles (CLM-CN), the carbon and water coupling in leaf-level photosynthetic processes was not linked to nitrogen limitation.03.01.15Science Highlight

Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes

Refinement addresses previous inaccuracies in plant growth from elevated carbon dioxide in Community Land Model. Read More »

Illustration of the catalytic oxygen reduction reaction on the surface of platinum-nickel nanoframes with multilayered platinum skin structure.03.01.15Science Highlight

Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance

Concentrating noble-metal catalyst atoms on the surface of porous nano-frame alloys shows over thirty-fold increase in performance. Read More »