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A large contributor to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is degradation of soil organic matter by various biological and chemical processes.April 2013Science Highlight

Tracking Soil Microbes’ Response to Long-Term Warming

Study examines how temperature affects carbon decay and release. Read More »

Calculations predict the zeolite structure schematically shown in the figure will effectively capture methane from a low-quality natural gas mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4).April 2013Science Highlight

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane

Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Read More »

Professor Yi Cui holds a lab demonstration of the new lithium-polysulfide semi-liquid flow battery.April 2013Science Highlight

Battery Researchers Go With the Flow

New Battery Design Could One Day Help Solar and Wind Power the Electrical Grid Read More »

Researchers have identified two genes required for bacterial conversion of mercury into methylmercury, a more toxic form.April 2013Science Highlight

Scientists Discover how Bacteria Convert Mercury to Toxic Form

Two genes responsible for mercury methylation identified. Read More »

A free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) site at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Researchers are using data from this and other FACE sites to improve climate model predictions of plant responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide.April 2013Science Highlight

Improving Predictions of Forest Water Use

Data on plant responses to elevated CO2 used to assess models. Read More »

A recent climate modeling study indicates that global land use strategies that protect tropical forests—such Brazil’s Caxiuanã National Forest, shown here—could dramatically reduce air warming projected in these regions.April 2013Science Highlight

Assessing Climate Impacts of Expanding Biofuel Crops

Model indicates increased cultivation could benefit tropical areas. Read More »

Scanning electron microscope image of a silicon surface hosting a nano-scale array of V-shaped gold antennas (metasurface) with different lengths, orientations, and angles.April 2013Science Highlight

Putting Light to Work at the Quantum Scale

Using artificial nanostructures to control the properties of light could play a prominent role in the future of computing. Read More »

A new radiolabeled sugar compound helps researchers image carbohydrate movement in plants.March 2013Science Highlight

Watching Sugars Move in Plants

New radiolabeled compound used to image sucrose transport. Read More »

With the growth in genome sequencing, the number of computationally identified proteins available in databases such as TrEMBL is increasing exponentially.March 2013Science Highlight

Evaluating Methods for Predicting Protein Functions

International teams assess computational tools to speed up annotations. Read More »

Addition of copper ions (Cu II) to protein monomers that are engineered with metal-coordination sites leads to the spontaneous metal-induced assembly of specifically designed protein cages.March 2013Science Highlight

Triggering “Flash” Assembly of Proteins

Designing protein assemblies whose interactions can be manipulated to respond to a single environmental cue. Read More »