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Diagram showing the properties of a material as temperature and chemical composition (phosphorus level in this study) are varied.March 2013Science Highlight

What Causes High-temperature Superconductivity?

A phase change at absolute zero temperature may provide key insights into the decades-old mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Read More »

The density of bonding electrons (red and yellow) in silicon (upper left) is rather evenly distributed, whereas in zinc oxide (upper right), it is concentrated around the oxygen atoms.March 2013Science Highlight

Understanding How Semiconductors Absorb Light

Advances in how we calculate optical properties of semiconductors shorten the path to improved solar cells and other optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Uranium mill tailings field research site in Rifle, Colo.March 2013Science Highlight

Understanding How Uranium Changes in Subsurface Environments

Bacterial biomass found to have an impact. Read More »

The left figure shows computed positions for atoms at grain boundaries during deformation...March 2013Science Highlight

New Understanding of Radiation-Enhanced Deformation

When it comes to stressing a crystal during irradiation, not all atoms are created equal. Read More »

A Hector cloud forms over the Tiwi Islands near Darwin, Australia.February 2013Science Highlight

Impact of Local Climate on Cloud Systems

Tropical atmospheric data used to test climate model accuracy. Read More »

Overall structure of 6-P-β-glucosidase and its comparison with 6-P-β-galactosidase.February 2013Science Highlight

Breaking Down Enzymes’ Role in Biofuel Production

Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Read More »

Increased nitrogen in forest soils decreases the diversity and expression of genes involved in carbon deconstruction by bacteria and fungi, including this species in the order Auriculariales.February 2013Science Highlight

Elevated Nitrogen Slows Carbon Decay in Forest Soils

New clues emerge about microbial decomposition mechanisms. Read More »

A focused laser is scanned over the sample, a suspended nanobeam of VO2.February 2013Science Highlight

Illuminating How Complex Oxides Turn Light into Electrical Current

Nanoscale imaging of the current generated by light provides insights for future generation optoelectronic devices. Read More »

Schematic illustration of cylinder-forming diblock copolymers...February 2013Science Highlight

Design Principles Revealed for a New Class of Functional Biomaterials

Ordered arrays of functional proteins with designed molecular properties created through self-assembly by combining proteins and synthetic polymers. Read More »

Recent experimental and theoretical studies of heat transport through a periodic stack of thin films known as a superlattice show that a portion of the thermal energy carriers maintain wave-like properties while traversing through the nanostructure.February 2013Science Highlight

An Unexpected Heat Wave

Observation of wavelike heat conduction reveals new possibilities for tailoring thermal transport through wave effects. Read More »