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Comparison of bioethanol production strategies, including second-generation consolidated bioprocessing, a single-step process in which a microbe breaks down unpretreated cellulosic biomass and converts the resulting sugars into fuel.03.01.15Science Highlight

Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment

Genetic engineering allows biomass-degrading bacterium to make fuel in a single process. Read More »

A glacier in eastern Greenland flows through a long and narrow valley carved by the movement of ice.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Method Relates Greenland Ice Sheet Changes to Sea-Level Rise

Modeling approach includes the effects of ice sheet elevation and region. Read More »

Scientists have developed a new approach that uses sophisticated mathematical solutions to improve computational simulations of ecosystem water processes.03.01.15Science Highlight

New Mathematical Method Enhances Hydrology Simulations

Approach uses land-atmosphere observations to calibrate model. Read More »

Researchers are seeking to understand the chemical processes leading to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene compounds emitted by many species of trees including eucalyptus (shown here).03.01.15Science Highlight

Competition Not Concentration Matters when Forming Cloud-Influencing Aerosols

Nitrogen oxide has nonlinear effects on the volatility and composition of SOA based on isoprene emitted by trees. Read More »

The magnetic coercivity, the resistance to change in the orientation of the magnetic domain structure, for nickel (Ni) was shown to strongly depend on the crystal structure of the underlying oxide (vanadium oxide, V2O3).02.01.15Science Highlight

Giant Magnetic Effects Induced in Hybrid Materials

Magnetic property changes by several hundred percent over a narrow temperature range. Read More »

Top view (left) and side view (right), illustrating the porous and layered structure of a highly conductive powder (Ni3(HITP)2), precursor to a new, tunable graphene analog.02.01.15Science Highlight

Towards a Tunable Graphene-like Two-Dimensional Material

Researchers have created a porous, layered material that can serve as a graphene analog, and which may be a tool for storing energy and investigating the physics of unusual materials. Read More »

Scanning electron micrograph image of germanium nanowires electrodeposited onto an indium tin oxide electrode from aqueous solution.02.01.15Science Highlight

Highly Conductive Germanium Nanowires Made by a Simple, One-Step Process

Lithium-ion batteries could benefit from this inexpensive method. Read More »

Piezo-response force microscopy image of ferroelectric domains in hexagonal erbium manganite...02.01.15Science Highlight

Direct Visualization of Magnetoelectric Domains

New microscopy technique reveals giant enhancement of coupling between magnetic and electric dipoles that could lead to novel electronic devices. Read More »

Scanning electron micrograph (top) shows the arrangement of iron-nickel nanomagnets for the newly developed “shakti” artificial spin ice lattice...02.01.15Science Highlight

Artificial Spin Ice - A New Playground to Better Understand Magnetism

Experiments using novel magnetic nanostructures confirm theoretically predicted behavior – bolstering their utility as a tool for understanding complex magnetic materials. Read More »

Scanning tunneling microscopy image shows a variable width graphene nanoribbon. Atoms are visible as individual “bumps.”02.01.15Science Highlight

For “Ribbons” of Graphene, Width Matters

Thin widths change a high-performance electrical conductor into a semiconductor. Read More »

Last modified: 4/21/2016 11:36:50 AM