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As part of research to improve biofuel production processes, scientists are studying how a soil microbe found in Puerto Rico’s El Yunque National Forest (shown here) breaks down lignin in plant cell walls.July 2014Science Highlights

Tropical Soil Bacterium Frees Plant Sugars for Biofuels

Microbe found to use two biochemical pathways for degrading lignin. Read More »

ARM Mobile Facility instruments measure aerosol and cloud properties during a 2008 study in Shouxian, China.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy

ARM data shed light on how altitude affects cloud energy content. Read More »

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility has three user facility sites in the tropical western Pacific: Manus, Papua New Guinea; Nauru Island, Republic of Nauru; and Darwin, Australia.July 2014Science Highlights

A Decade of Atmospheric Research in the Tropical Western Pacific

Long-term ARM datasets critical for cloud and solar energy studies. Read More »

Atmospheric dust from deserts or human activities influences the processes within cirrus clouds, thereby affecting global climate.July 2014Science Highlights

Dust in High Clouds Cools Climate

Study examines impact of ice particle competition. Read More »

Global distribution of black carbon in 2000 among eight different models, whose results diverged the most in polar regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Understanding Soot’s Effect on Snow Reflectivity

Model comparison evaluates black carbon levels and impacts. Read More »

The Community Land Model explicitly simulates microbial-driven soil carbon cycling in aboveground, surface, and subsurface soil horizons.July 2014Science Highlights

From Microbes to Global Carbon Models

Understanding microbial community processes improves predictions of soil carbon dynamics. Read More »

Aerial view of braided wetlands and tundra typical of the Bristol Bay watershed in Alaska.July 2014Science Highlights

Modeling Global Wetlands and Their Methane Emissions

Climate model comparisons show wetlands remain a big challenge. Read More »

A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

A new method for measuring planetary boundary layer depth has been applied to data collected over 8 years at the ARM program’s Southern Great Plains site, whose central facility is shown here.July 2014Science Highlights

New method to determine planetary boundary layer depth

Combining the strengths of existing techniques, new algorithm could help improve climate models. Read More »

Clouds drift over the coastline outcroppings of Graciosa Island where Atmospheric Radiation Measurement observations were collected for 19 months and used to improve precipitation errors in global climate models.July 2014Science Highlights

ARM Data Help Improve Precipitation in Global Climate Models

Cloud, radiation, and drizzle measurements lead to better simulations. Read More »

Last modified: 8/18/2014 11:13:01 AM