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A large portion of the plant cell wall contains cellulose, which consists of sugar molecules organized into cable-like structures called microfibrils.July 2014Science Highlights

Making Cellulose More Accessible for Bioconversion

Simulations and neutron diffraction reveal how amines disrupt cellulose’s structure. Read More »

A new method for measuring planetary boundary layer depth has been applied to data collected over 8 years at the ARM program’s Southern Great Plains site, whose central facility is shown here.July 2014Science Highlights

New method to determine planetary boundary layer depth

Combining the strengths of existing techniques, new algorithm could help improve climate models. Read More »

Clouds drift over the coastline outcroppings of Graciosa Island where Atmospheric Radiation Measurement observations were collected for 19 months and used to improve precipitation errors in global climate models.July 2014Science Highlights

ARM Data Help Improve Precipitation in Global Climate Models

Cloud, radiation, and drizzle measurements lead to better simulations. Read More »

Phytoplankton known as coccolithophores bloom in the Barents Sea north of Russia, their scales giving off a bright green glow.July 2014Science Highlights

Genomic Sequence of a Marine Blooming Alga

Genome variability helps explain why Emiliania huxleyi canflourish in diverse ocean habitats. Read More »

Protein production occurs in two basic steps: transcription and translation.July 2014Science Highlights

Recoding of Bacterial Genome Produces Proteins with New Functions

Altered stop codon allows E. coli strain to incorporate nonstandard amino acids. Read More »

An assessment of the ability of climate models to simulate clouds shows that newer models are better aligning with cloud satellite observations.July 2014Science Highlights

Improved Climate Model Simulations of Clouds

New models show reduction in bias associated with too many highly reflective clouds. Read More »

Researchers are genetically engineering microorganisms to produce high-energy biofuels that can directly replace petroleum in existing engines.July 2014Science Highlights

Higher Yields of Advanced Biofuels from Genetically Engineered Yeast

Strains produce “drop-in” fuels and chemicals derived from fatty acids. Read More »

Researchers have used a global climate model to assess future water demands in the agricultural, energy, industrial, and municipal sectors, concluding that freshwater availability may be insufficient in some regions.July 2014Science Highlights

Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change

Model scenarios predict increased scarcity in the Middle East and India. Read More »

Research suggests that methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) utilization by the bacterium <em>Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum</em> under low  oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) conditions may involve switching to a new fermentation-based  mode that leads to the formation of formate, acetate, succinate, lactate,  hydrogen, and hydroxybutyrate as end products.July 2014Science Highlights

New Metabolic Pathway Discovered in Methane-Consuming Bacteria

Opportunities emerge for using microbes to convert the gas to biofuels and other products. Read More »

Cultivated barley is the fourth most abundant crop in the world and a model for plant genetics research.July 2014Science Highlights

Assembling Complex Plant Genomes

New, rapid, and low-cost approach can be applied to many species. Read More »

Last modified: 8/18/2014 11:13:01 AM